Axial and Radial Variation of Fibre Characteristics of Bambusa vulgaris

Main Article Content

A. F. Aderounmu
E. A. Adelusi


This study was carried out to investigate the axial and radial variations of fibre characteristics of Bambusa vulgaris. There were eighteen treatments for both axial and radial variations. The treatments were replicated three (3) times, in Complete Randomized Design (CRD). The experiment was carried out at the Wood Anatomy Laboratory of the Department of Forest Product Development and Utilization, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Ibadan. Three samples (3) stands of B. vulgaris were randomly selected. Samples collected were cut into 10cm discs at 25%, 50% and 75% of the total height (axial positioning). The samples discs were partitioned into two zones which are core and peripheral (bark) layers. From each of the disc, 3 slivers were obtained both from radial and axial positions. Slivers obtained were macerated with an equal volume (1:1) of 10% glacial Acetic acid and 30% Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) at 100 ±2°C. The resulting image on light microscope screen was measured for fibre length, fibre diameter and lumen width.

At 50% sampling height and at outer layer, the highest fibre length of 3.25 mm, followed by 3.06 mm of bamboo sample stand 3 while the least 2.28 mm was recorded in sample stands 2 of 75% axial positioning and at peripheral layer. The lumen width ranged between 3.52 × 10-3 μm to 4.46 × 10-3 μm in the radial direction from the core to the peripheral (bark) of the bamboo. The result obtained for mean values of fiber diameter along the bamboo height ranged from 3.53 × 10-3 µm to 4.46 × 10-3 µm across the three (3) bamboo stands, sampling height and radial direction sampling respectively.

Among the fibre positioning, the fibre collected from 50% of the sampling height have higher fibre diameter, lumen width and fibre diameter at the peripheral region compare to the others.

Bambusa vulgaris, fibre length, fibre diameter and lumen width.

Article Details

How to Cite
Aderounmu, A. F., & Adelusi, E. A. (2019). Axial and Radial Variation of Fibre Characteristics of Bambusa vulgaris. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 24(4), 1-8.
Original Research Article


Zobel BJ, van Buijtenen JP. In wood variation: Its causes and control. Ed. Timell TE (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg); 1989.

Dinesh B, Nagarnaik PB, Parbat DK, Waghe UP. Physical and Mechanical properties of bamboo (Dendrocalmus strictus). International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research. 2014;5(1).

Lobovikov M, Paudel S, Piazza M, Ren H, Wu J. Bamboo products and trade–Bamboo product statistics. In: INBAR/UN FAO, World Bamboo Resources,– Non-Wood Forest Products. 2007;18:31- 38.

Bowyer J, Fernholz K, Frank M, Howe J, Bratkovich S, Pepke Ed. Bamboo products and their environmental impacts: Revisited. 2014;1-17.

Gritsch CS, Kleist G, Murphy R. Developmental changes in cell wall structure of phloem fibres of the bamboo Dendrocalamus asper. Ann. Bot. 2004:94:497–505.

Parameswaran N, Liese W. Fine structure of bamboo fibres. Wood Science. Technology. 1976;10:231–246.

Murphy RJ, Alvin KL. Variation in fibre wall structure in bamboo. IAWA Bullettin. 1992;13403–410.

Itoh T. Lignification of bamboo (Phyllostachys heterocycla Mitf.) during its growth. Holzforschung. 1990;44:191–200.

Lybeer B, Koch G. A topochemical and semiquantitative study of the lignifications during ageing of bamboo culms. (Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens). IAWA J. 2005;26:99–109.

Suzuki K, Itoh T. The changes in cell wall architecture during lignification of bamboo, Phyllostachys aurea Carr. Trees. 2001;15:137–147.

Zou L, Jin H, Lu WY, Li X. Nanoscale structural and mechanical characterization of the cell wall of bamboo fibers. Materials Sci. Eng. C. 2009;29:1375–1379.

Yu Y, Jiang Z, Fei B, Wang G, Wang H. An improved microtensile technique for mechanical characterization of short plant fibres: A case study on bamboo fibres. Journal Material Science. 2011;46:739–746.

Sharma PK, Nath SK, Murthy N. Investigation on fibre characteristics of Dendrocalmus strictus and Bambusa bambos. International Journal of Engineering Innovation & Research. 2014;3(3):254-258.

Omobowale MO, Ogedengbe K. Trends in fiber characteristics of Nigerian grown bamboo and its effect on its impact and tensile strengths. Bamboo Science and Culture. The Journal of the American Bamboo Society. 2008;21(1):9-13.

Egbewole ZT, Omoake PO, Rotowa OJ. Fibre quality assessment of Saccharum officinarum (Sugarcane) bagasse as a raw material for pulp and paper production. NSUK Journal of Science and Technology (NJST). Publication of Nasarawa State University, Keffi. 2015;5(1):57-65..

Atchison JE. Data on non-wood plant fibers. In. Pulp and Paper Manufacture. Properties of fibrous raw materials and their preparation for pulping. Kocurek MJ, Stevens CFB, Editors. CPPA. Montreal, Canada. 1997;1:157-169.

Noah SA. Fundamentals of pulp and paper manufacture. Fasco Publishers. Ibadan. 2009;11-12.

Monteoliva EA. Variation of wood density and fibre length in six willow clones (Salix spp). IAWA Journal. 2005;26:197-202.

Razak W, Mohd Tamizi M, Othman S, Aminuddin M, Affendy H, Izyan K. Anatomical and physical properties of cultivated two- and four-year-old Bambusa vulgaris. Sains Malaysiana. 2010;39(4):571–579.

Abd Latif M, Ashaari A, Jamaludin K, Mohd JZ. Effects of anatomical characteristics on the physical and mechanical properties of Bambusa bluemeana. Journal of Tropical Forest Science. 1993;6(2):159-170.

Ogunsanwo YO, Onilude MA. Radial and vertical variation in fibre characteristics of plantation grown obeche. Nigeria Journal of Forestry. 2000;30(2):33-37.