Sewage Sludge as Fertilizer in Soybean Cultivation

Main Article Content

Luan Danilo Ferreira de Andrade Melo
João Luciano de Andrade Melo Junior
Edilma Pereira Gonçalves
Jeandson Silva Viana
Priscila Cordeiro Souto
Vilma Marques Ferreira
João Correia de Araújo Neto
Reinaldo de Alencar Paes

Abstract

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the application of treated sewage sludge on the initial development of soybean plants (Glycine max L.). Seven treatments were used: (T1) only the soil (absolute control); (T2) soil + residue at the dose of 5.0 g/dm3; (T3) soil + residue at a dose of 10.0 g/dm3; (T4) soil + residue at the dose of 15.0 g/dm3; (T5) soil + residue at the dose of 20.0 g/dm3; (T6) soil + residue at the dose of 25.0 g/dm3; and (T7) culture with PK. The variables of emergence, first count and emergence speed of seedlings, green mass, shoot length, root length, dry shoot mass and dry root mass of the plants were analyzed. The experimental design was in randomized blocks, with four replicates of 25 plants for each treatment. The use of the organic residue positively influenced the characteristics observed in relation to the control and the PK, and in the appropriate dose, it can be recommended as an input and soil conditioner. Sewage sludge presents high potential as a fertilizer for soybean cultivation.

Keywords:
Glycine max L., organic waste, soil conditioner.

Article Details

How to Cite
Melo, L. D. F. de A., Junior, J. L. de A. M., Gonçalves, E. P., Viana, J. S., Souto, P. C., Ferreira, V. M., Neto, J. C. de A., & Paes, R. de A. (2019). Sewage Sludge as Fertilizer in Soybean Cultivation. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 24(6), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2019/v24i630172
Section
Original Research Article

References

Rocha BGR, Amaro HTR, Porto EMV, Gonçalves CC, David AMSS, Lopes EB. Soybean cropping system: advances and perspectives. Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 2018;41(2):376-384.
Available:https://doi.org/10.19084/RCA17260

Miguel ASDCS, Pacheco LP, Carvalho IC, Souza ED, Feitosa PB, Petter FA. Phytomass and nutrient release in soybean cultivation systems under no-tillage. Brazilian Agricultural Research. 2018;53(10):1119-1131. Available:https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2018001000005

Zomer JA, Ely C, Comelli RU, Alves MV, Skoronski E. Sewage treatment plant sludge as fertilizer in tobacco and oat cultivation. Journal on Agribusiness and Environment. 2018;11(1):185-201.
Available:https://doi.org/10.17765/2176-9168.2018v11n1p185-201

Mondal S, Singh RD, Silver AK, Dwived BS. Changes in soil quality in response to short-term application of municipal sewage sludge in a typical haplustept under cowpea-wheat cropping system. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management. 2015;4:37-41.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1016j.enmm.2014.12.001

Barbosa JZ, Poggere GC, Dalpisol M, Serrat BM, Bittencourt S, Motta ACV. Alkalinized sewage sludge application improves fertility of acid soils. Science and Agrotechnology. 2017;41(5):483- 493.
Available:https://doi.org/10.17801/0101-3122/rbs.v20n2p108-111

Nakagawa J. Vigor tests based on seedling evaluation. Jaboticabal: FUNEP; 1999.

SAEG Statistical Analysis System, Version 9.1: Arthur Bernardes Foundation - UFV – Viçosa; 2007.

Gonzaga MS, Mackowiak C, Almeida AQ, Carvalho Junior JIT. Sewage sludge derived biochar and its effect on growth and morphological traits of Eucalyptus grandis W. Hill ex Maiden seedlings. Forest Science. 2018;28(2): 687-695.
Available:https://doi.org/10.5902/1980509832067

Ibrahim JFON, Junior Silva IV, Barros FC, Paez DRM, Springs AL, Silva LDB. Use of sewage sludge for seedling production and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) Cultivation. Brazilian Journal of Animal and Environmental Research. 2019;2(1):564-579.

Siqueira DP, Carvalho GCMW, Barroso DG, Marciano R. Sewage sludge treated in the substrate composition for Lafoensia glyptocarpa seedling production. Forest. 2018;48(2):277-284. Available:https://doi.org/10.5380/rf.v48 i2.55795

Barone EP, Silva FAM, Ferraz MV. Utilization of sewage sludge and palm heart in the production of Lantana camara seedlings. Brazilian Journal of Biosystems Engineering, 2018;12(2):132-143.
Available:https://doi.org/10.18011/bioeng2018v12n2p132-143

Wolf TF, Grassi Son HG, Bull LT, Kummer ACB, Souza FLP. Development and nutrition of sunflower with sewage sludge and nitrogen. Journal on Agribusiness and Environment. 2019; 12(1):173-193.
Available:https://doi.org/10.17765/2176-9168.2019v12n1p173-193