Main Article Content
Aims: To analyze the importance and performance rate of various ecotourism component based on visitor perspectives in Helena sky bridge.
Study Design: Interview method.
Place and Duration of Study: October 2018 in Helena sky bridge, Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park, Maros District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia.
Methodology: The interview method, by using prepared structured questionnaire with close ended questions, applied on 50 respondents selected through quoted accidental sampling technique. There were 33 ecotourism subcomponents assessed based on Likert scale. Obtained data processed by the Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) and displayed in Cartesian diagram.
Results: There was variation of respondent characteristics in term of gender, age, number of visits, visiting purpose and domicile. However, most visitor was young people (18-28 years old) and come from Makassar. The highest performance rate was found on panorama, while the lowest performance rate was homestay. For the importance, the highest score was showed by 3 subcomponents, namely service, skill and garbage dump, while the lowest one was festival. In average, the performance rate of all subcomponents was 2.70 (moderate), while the importance was 3.93 (good). There was a gap between performance and importance that need proper management actions. Development effort should be concentrated in 7 subcomponents plotted in 1st quadrant, such as the easiness access to get transportation, guide and interpreter, public lavatory, garbage dump, health facility, shopping facility, and clean water availability. 13 subcomponents had already in a good performance, mostly from natural attraction. 10 subcomponents were classed into 3rd quadrant with low priority management strategy. Moreover, 3 subcomponents (cultural landscape, local peoples’ daily life and hospitality) were in 4th quadrant with possible overkill situation.
Conclusion: Ecotourism subcomponents such as the easiness access to get transportation, guide and interpreter, public lavatory, garbage dump, health facility, shopping facility, and clean water availability should be prioritized.
Ditjen KSDAE. Laporan kinerja 2018. Bogor: Direktorat Jenderal Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam dan Ekosistem; 2019.
Babul TN. Kilas balik kinerja balai taman nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung tahun 2017. Makassar: Balai Taman Nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung; 2017.
Rasjid IA, Tjoneng A, Hasan I. Kajian pengelolaan ekowisata pada taman nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Agrotek. 2018;2(2):15-28.
Babul TN. Laporan monitoring pengunjung. Makassar: Balai Taman Nasional Bantimurung Bulusaraung; 2019.
Eagles PFJ, Coburn J, Swartman B. Plan quality and plan detail of visitor and tourism policies in Ontario provincial park management plans. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism. 2014;7:44-54.
Prosser G. The limits of acceptable change: An introduction to a framework for natural area planning. Australian Parks and Recreation. 1986;22(2):5-10.
Buckley R, Pannell J. Environmental impacts of tourism and recreation in national parks and conservation reserves. Journal of Tourism Studies. 1990;1(1):24-32.
Chin CLM, Moore SA, Wallington TJ, Dowling RK. Ecotourism in Bako National Park, Borneo: Visitors’ perspectives on environmental impacts and their management. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2000;8:20-35.
Graefe AR, Kuss RR, Vaske JJ. Recreation impacts and carrying capacity: A visitor impact management framework. Washington DC: National Parks and Conservation Association; 1990.
Dixit SK, Narula VK. Ecotourism in Madhav National Park: Visitors’ perspectives on environmental impacts. South Asian Journal of Tourism and Heritage. 2010;3: 109–115.
Zulpikar F, Prasety DE, Shelvatis TV, Komara KK, Pramudawardhani M. Economic valuation of environmental service-based tourism object in Batu Karas Beach-Pangandaran using the travel cost method. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning. 2017;1:53–63.
Damanik J, Weber HF. Perencanaan Ekowisata, dari Teori ke Aplikasi. Yogyakarta: Pusat studi pariwisata (Puspar) UGM and ANDI Press; 2006.
Likert R. A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives of Psychology. 1932;140:1–55.
Sever I. Importance-performance analysis: A valid management tool? Tourism Management. 2015;48:43–53.
Xue H, Fang C. How to optimize tourism destination supply: A case in Shanghai from perspective of supplier and demand side perception. Earth and Environmental Science. 2018;113:012227.
Altinay L, Paraskevas A. Planning research in hospitality and tourism. Oxford: Elsevier Ltd; 2008.
Lucas RC. Wilderness use and users: Trends and projections in wilderness recreation management: An overview. In: Hendee JC, Stankey GH, Lucas RC, Editors. Wilderness Management. Colorado: North American Press/Fulcrum Publishing; 1990.
Martilla JA, James JC. Importance-perfomance analysis. Journal of Marketing. 1977;41:77-79.
Putra PSE, Parno R. Strategi pengembangan ekowisata taman nasional komodo di Desa Komodo Nusa Tenggara Timur. Prosiding Sintesa. 2018;547-566.
Alif JR, Soekmadi R, Santoso N. Perencanaan program interpretasi lingkungan sebagai strategi pengembangan ekowisata di TWA Kawah Ijen. Risalah Kebijakan Pertanian dan Lingkungan. 2016;3:153-161.
Cobbinah PB. Contextualising the meaning of ecotourism. Tourism Management Perspectives. 2015;16:179-189.
Barkauskiene K, Snieska V. Ecotourism as an integral part of sustainable tourism development. Economic and Management. 2013;18(3):449-456.
Blerseh D, Kangas P. A modeling analysis of the sustainability of ecotourism in Belize. Environment, Development and Sustainability. 2013;15(1):67-80.
Butzmann E, Job H. Developing a typology of sustainable protected area tourism product. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 2017;25:1736-1755.
Su M, Wall G, Ma Z. Assessing ecotourism from a multi stakeholder perspective: Xingkai lake national nature reserve, China. Environ Manage. 2014;54(5):1190-1207.