A Systematic Review on the Prospective Significance and Recommendations of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum) for Diabetes Mellitus

Bairi Raju

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU), Agricultural College, Warangal, India.

K. Sudha Rani

Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Reddipalli Anantapuram, Andhra Pradesh 515 701, Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, India.

Kunal Nitin Gawande

M. W. College of Agriculture, Yavatmal, Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidhyapeeth, Akola, Maharashtra, India.

Pramod Kumar Pandey

AICRP on Maize, College of Agriculture, Central Agricultural University (Imphal), Kyrdemkulai, 793105, Meghalaya, India.

Th. Nengparmoi

Department of Agronomy, School of Agricultural Sciences, Medziphema, 797106, Nagaland University, India.

Katkuri Bhargavi Reddy

Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU), Agricultural College, Warangal, India.

Gosangi Avinash *

PJTSAU, Agricultural College Warangal, Telangana, India.

Yagyavalkya Sharma

Department of Biotechnology & Microbiology, Kalp Laboratories, Mathura, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Diabetes Mellitus (DM) represents a significant global health challenge, characterized by elevated blood glucose levels and associated metabolic complications. Dietary management is a cornerstone in the control and treatment of diabetes, with increasing focus on the role of whole grains in diabetic diets. This systematic review explores the prospective significance of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum), a traditionally important but often underutilized grain, in the management of DM. Through a comprehensive analysis of existing literature, including randomized controlled trials, observational studies, and nutritional analyses, this review assesses the impact of pearl millet on glycemic control, insulin sensitivity, lipid profiles, and overall metabolic health in the context of diabetes. The nutritional profile of pearl millet, particularly its low glycemic index, high fiber content, and rich micronutrient composition, positions it as a potentially beneficial dietary component for individuals with DM. The review also addresses practical considerations for incorporating pearl millet into diabetic diets, alongside recommendations for portion sizes and preparation methods. Despite promising findings, the review identifies gaps in current research, particularly the need for more extensive clinical trials to establish conclusive evidence. This review culminates in recommendations for future research directions, emphasizing pearl millet’s potential as a functional food in diabetes management and the necessity for greater scientific exploration into its specific benefits.

Keywords: Pearl millet, diabetic diets, metabolic complications, blood glucose, dietary management

How to Cite

Raju, B., Rani , K. S., Gawande , K. N., Pandey, P. K., Nengparmoi , T., Reddy, K. B., Avinash , G., & Sharma, Y. (2024). A Systematic Review on the Prospective Significance and Recommendations of Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum) for Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(3), 52–60. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i31857


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