Effect of Inorganic and Organic Weed Management Practices on Growth and Economics in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Vineet Dheer *

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

Krishna Kumar Singh

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

Jaykar Singh

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

Yogesh Kumar

Department of Soil Conservation and Water Management, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

Deepu

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

R.A. Yadav

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

Sanjeev Kumar

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

C.L. Maurya

Department of Agronomy, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (U.P.) 208 002, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

An experiment comprising twelve treatments viz., Sulfosulfuran 75 WP @ 25 g a.i., Sulfosulfuran 75 WP + Metsulfuran 5 WP @ 32 g a.i. , Fenoxaprop 10 WP @100 g a.i.,  Pinoxaden 5 EC @ 50 g a.i. Clodinofop 15% propargyl + Metsulfuran 5 WP @ 19.71 g a.i., Halauxifen-Methyl 6.96 % W/W + Pyroxsulam 25% WG @ 19.71 g a.i., Carfentrazone ethyl 20 % + Sulfosulfuran 25 % WG @ 100 g a.i. each ha-1 at 30-35 DAS, Paddy straw within two rows @ 6.0 t ha-1 , Polythene sheet within two rows both at 8-10 DAS, Hand weeding (20 DAS and 40 DAS), Weed free, Unweeded Control was conducted in randomized block design with 3 replications at Crop Research Farm, Nawabganj, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh) in wheat cv. K 1006 during Rabi 2019-20. The growth characters plant height, number of effective tillers m-2 and dry matter accumulation (g m-2) at 30, 60, 90 DAS and harvest of the crop and economics [Cost of cultivation (₹ ha-1), gross income (₹ ha-1), net income (₹ ha-1) and B:C ratio] of the treatments were recorded. The maximum plant height (28.60, 70.95, 91.65 and 104.65 cm), maximum effective tillers m-2 (184.64, 397.24, 427.76 and 418.23) and dry matter accumulation (98.60, 387.42, 748.34 and 1191.34 g m-2) at above successive crop growth stages were recorded under weed free practice. However, the net return (Rs. 60776 ha-1) and   B: C ratio (1.45) was higher with the use of polythene sheet. Thus, mulching with polythene sheet could be exploited as cost effective practice for sustaining wheat production.

Keywords: Dry matter, growth, herbicides, paddy straw and polythene sheet


How to Cite

Dheer , V., Singh , K. K., Singh, J., Kumar , Y., Deepu, Yadav, R., Kumar , S., & Maurya , C. (2024). Effect of Inorganic and Organic Weed Management Practices on Growth and Economics in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(5), 343–350. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i51950

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