An Impact Study on the Pattern of Groundwater Use by Farmers and Commercial Sectors in Tirupur District, Textile City, India

Venketesa Palanichamy N

Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

Kalpana M *

Agricultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Coimbatore, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Groundwater is the major source of water for agriculture, domestic and industrial uses. Falling water table and depletion of economically accessible groundwater resources could have major social and economic consequences. Many are hailing groundwater transfer as the quickest, least cheapest, and most ecologically friendly answer to large cities' water supply and reliability problems. The water transfers generally focus on the purchase of water from willing sellers in agriculture to meet urban domestic and industrial water demand. The present study was undertaken mainly to study the pattern of groundwater use by the farmers and commercial sectors in Tirupur district. Out of the 180 farms selected for the study, 67.78 per cent of farms were water sellers and 32.22 per cent of farms were non-sellers. Among the three types of wells viz., open wells, open cum bore wells and bore wells; open wells formed the majority in all categories of farms. Whereas in all the farm categories of both the seller and non-seller groups, bore wells dominated the total number of wells owned by each of the farm categories. Bore wells dominated for more than 50 per cent of the total number of wells in large farms, whereas in case of small farms, bore and open-cum-bore wells have been shared equally. According to the farmers, bore wells were having more success rate than the open cum bore wells. The number of abandoned bore wells was also significantly higher in all categories of farms, since open wells were acted as a storage tank for storing the water extracted from bore wells. The percentage of failed bore wells to the total number of wells per farm had ranged from 41.89 per cent in large farms to 57.26 per cent in small farm group in seller category. The number of wells per farm among sellers was significantly higher whereas irrigated land per well was significantly lower. The present study was undertaken mainly to study the where groundwater transfer has been an increasing phenomenon over years resulting in pollution hazards and reduction in irrigated area.

Keywords: Ground water pattern, farmers, commercial sector, regression, tobit equation

How to Cite

Venketesa Palanichamy N, & Kalpana M. (2024). An Impact Study on the Pattern of Groundwater Use by Farmers and Commercial Sectors in Tirupur District, Textile City, India. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 34–45.


Download data is not yet available.


Bonnie G. Colby, “Transaction Costs and Efficiency in Western Water Allocation”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1990;72(5):1184-1192.

Charney AH, Woodard GC. Socioeconomic impacts of water farming on rural areas of origin in Arizona. American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 1990 Dec 1;72(5):1193-9.

Bin Zhang, Steve Hatchett, Roger Mann. “An Economic Model of Water Transfer Analysis for the Central Valley Project Improvement Act” American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN; August 8-11, 1999.

O.Zachariah and K.Rollins, "Rural-Urban Conflicts over Groundwater. Making Wise Quality and Quantity Decisions", Agri-Food Research in Ontario. 1999;23(1):11-13,.

Robert R. Hearne, William K Easter. “The Economic and Financial Gains from Water Markets in Chile”, Agricultural Economics. 1997;15(1):187-199,.

Arumugam K, Elangovan K, Kartic Kumar M. Assessment of groundwater quality in Tirupur Environs, Tamil Nadu, India, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) Geospatial. 2016;4(20).

Keith C Knapp, Marca Weinberg, Richard Howitt, Judith F Posnikoff, Water transfers, agriculture, and groundwater management: a dynamic economic analysis, Journal of Environmental Management. 2003;67(4): 291-301.

Devineni N, Perveen S, Lall U. Solving groundwater depletion in India while achieving food security. Nat Commun. 2022;13:3374. Available:

Vivek Sivakumar MC, Sashik Kumar, Logesh Natarajan, Priyadarsi D Roy. Lakshumanan Chokkalingam, Vulnerability Assessment of Groundwater in Industrialized Tiruppur Area of South India using GIS-based DRASTIC model. J Geol Soc India. 2022;98:696–702. Available:

Seenivasan Dr. Chandrasekar, Bhavan P, Subramanian, Radhakrishnan, Kamalakannan, Manokaran. Groundwater quality in Tirupur, Tamilnadu, India: A pilot-assessment. Res. Environ. Life Sci. 2010;27-32.

Pichaiah S, Kumar GR, Senthil, Krishnaraj, Srinivasmoorthy. Groundwater Level Fluctuation Studies in Tirupur Taluk, Tirupur District, TAMIL NADU, INDIA. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Computational and Applied Sciences. IJETCAS 13-137.2013;258-262.

Kumarasamy,Periyasamy, Alaguraja P, James R. Arthur. Soil Suitability and Water Quality Study in Tirupur Areas using Geographic Information System Techniques. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. 2011;4: 85-97.

Krishnamoorthy N, Thirumalai R, Lenin Sundar M, Anusuya M, Manoj Kumar P, Hemalatha E, Mohan Prasad M, Neha Munjal. Assessment of underground water quality and water quality index across the Noyyal River basin of Tirupur District in South India, Urban Climate. 2023;49.