An Analysis of Energy Input and Output Dynamics in Redgram Production of Vikarabad District, Telangana, India

Sravan Kumar *

Department of Agricultural Engineering, AICRP on Farm Implements and Machinery, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

K. Sridhar

Department of Agronomy, Regional Agricultural Research Station, Palem, Telangana, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Energy analysis (input-output) of Redgram production systems in Vikarabad district of Telangana State.  Surveys conducted at the farms that cultivate Redgram in Vikarabad district, in the 2021. Sixty farms that produce Redgram were interviewed face to face. The results revealed that in Redgram production systems total energy input was 19289.61MJ/ha. The highest share of energy consumed was recorded for N fertilizer (78.29%) which is a nonrenewable resource. Output Energy was 11025 MJ/ha. Accordingly, energy efficiency(output input ratio) was 3.11, energy productivity calculated as 0.021 KgMJ-1 and specific energy was observed as 45.7 MJKg-1, agrochemical energy ratio was 0.82 % and energy intensiveness was 1.14.

Keywords: Redgram, energy use, energy productivity, specific energy, net energy

How to Cite

Kumar , S., & Sridhar, K. (2024). An Analysis of Energy Input and Output Dynamics in Redgram Production of Vikarabad District, Telangana, India. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 46–52.


Download data is not yet available.


Sowjanya B, Subba Rao DV, Kumari RV. Resource use efficiency and marketing of Red Gram. Progressive Research–An International Journal. 2016;2(2):1035-9.

TaheriGaravan A, Asakereh A, Haghani K. Energy elevation and economic analysis of canola production in Iran a case study: Mazandaran province. International journal of environmental sciences. 2010;1(2):236- 243.

Kizilaslan H. Input–output energy analysis of cherries production in Tokat Province of Turkey. Applied Energy. 2009;86:1354–1358.

Ozkan B, Fert C, Karadeniz CF, Energy and cost analysis for greenhouse and open file grape production and open- field grape production. Energy. 2007;32:1– 4.

Singh JM. On farm energy use pattern in different cropping systems in Haryana, India. Germany: Int Inst of Management, University of Flensburg, Sustainable Energy Systems and Management, Master of Science Thesis, Germany; 2002.

Hatirli SA, Ozkan B, Fert C.Energy inputs and crop yield relationship in greenhouse tomato production. Renew Energy. 2008;31:427- 438.

Mohammad A, Rafiee S, Mohtasebi SS, Rafiee, H. Energy inputs–yield relationship and cost analysis of kiwifruit production in Iran. Renewable Energy. 2010;35:1071-1075.

Ozkan B, Akcaoz H, Fert C, Energy input–output analysis in Turkish agriculture. Renewable Energy. 2004;29:39–51.

Yilmaz I, Akcaoz H, Ozkan B. An analysis of energy use and input costs for Redgram production in Turkey. Renewable Energy. 2005;30(2):145–55.

Erdal G, Esengun K, Erdal Gunduz O Energy use and economical analysis of sugar beet production in Tokat province of Turkey. Energy. 2007;32:35–41.

Esengun K, Gunduz O, Erdal G. Input– output energy analysis in dry apricot production of Turkey. Energy Convers Manage. 2007;48:592– 598.

Seyed Mohammad Hossein Tabatabaie, Shahin Rafiee, Alireza Keyhani, Mohammad Davoud Heidari Energy use pattern and sensitivity analysis of energy inputs and input costs for pear production in Iran. Renewable energy. 2013;51:7-12.

Rafiee S, Mousavi SH, Mohammadi A. Modelling and sensitivity analysis of energy inputs for apple production in Iran. Energy. 2010;35(8):3301-6.

Mandal KG, Saha KP, Ghosh PK, Hati KM, Bandyopadhyay KK. Bioenergy and economic analysis of soybean-based crop production systems in central India. Biomass Bioenergy. 2002;23(5):337-345.

Adarsh Kumar KS. Rana, Anil K. Choudhary RS. Bana VK. Sharma , Shiv Prasad Gaurendra Gupta, Mukesh Choudhary, Amaresh Pradhan, Sudhir K. Rajpoot, Abhishek Kumar, Amit Kumar, Vishal Tyagi. Energy budgeting and carbon footprints of zero-tilled pigeonpea wheat cropping system under sole or dual crop basis residue mulching and Zn- fertilization in a semi-arid agro-ecology. Energy. 2021;231:120862.

Demircan V, Ekinci Keenerm D, Akbolat, Ekinci. A case study from Isparta province. Energy Convers Manage. Energy and economic analysis of sweet cherry production in Turkey. 2006:47(1):1761–1769.

Khan S, Khan MA,HanjraJ, Mu. Pathways to reduce the environmental footprints of water and energy input in food production. Food policy. 2009;34:141-149.

Streimikiene D, Klevas V, Bubeliene J. Use of EU structural funds for sustainable energy development in new EU member states. Renew Sustain Energy Rev. 2007;116:1167–87.