Lilium: A High-Value Cut Flower Production Guide for Lucrative Return

Prachurjya Samantaray

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.

Aradhana Nayak

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.

Itishree Pradhan

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.

Akanshya Pattanaik

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.

Reshma Sahoo

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.

Sukirti Mohanty *

Department of Floriculture and Landscaping Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan (Deemed to be University), Bhubaneswar-751029, Odisha, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Lilium sp. is cultivated worldwide and is one of the most important generators cut flower and pot plant. In terms of the production and marketing of its cut flowers on the global cut flower market, this genus is quite important economically. The majority of the monocot perennial species in the genus Lilium are vegetatively propagated and are among the most significant flower bulbs in terms of economic impact. They are native to Asia, Europe, and North America.  Asiatic and Oriental hybrid lilies are the most important groups and are derived from interspecific crosses of the Sinomartagon and Archelirion sections, respectively. Seed, bulb division, bulb scales, stem bulblets, stem bulbils (in some species), and tissue culture are all methods of multiplying lilies. The primary means of propagating Lilium are bulbs. Six to eight weeks after the parent bulbs begin to produce flowers, the small bulbs are removed. In the north Indian environment, mid-September to mid-December is the ideal period to plant hybrid lilies. October through November is a good season to grow Asiatic lilies in the Northern Plains, whereas March through April is a good time to plant in the hills. After 90 to 120 days of sowing, flowers are ready for harvesting. Cutting the flowers in the morning is ideal. The flower stalk should be clipped 8–10 cm above the ground as soon as the first blossom begins to take on color.

Keywords: Cut flower, lilium, bulbous flower, high value ornamental crop

How to Cite

Samantaray, P., Nayak, A., Pradhan , I., Pattanaik, A., Sahoo , R., & Mohanty , S. (2024). Lilium: A High-Value Cut Flower Production Guide for Lucrative Return. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 67–86.


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