Assessment of Biochemical Parameters and Yield Performance in Rice under Different Crop Establishment Methods

Deepti Tiwari *

Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, U.P., India and Division of Plant Physiology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Manoj Kumar Patel

Division of Genetics, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Payal Priyadarsini

Division of Plant Physiology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Ankita

Department of Farm Engineering, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, U.P., India.

Shatakashi Mishra

Division of Post Harvest Technology, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi, India.

Vijai P. *

Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, U.P., India.

UP Singh

Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, U.P., India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa L.), a staple food for half of the global population, is cultivated using various methods, with transplanting being conventional in many Asian countries. However, challenges such as high-water consumption, labour intensiveness, and environmental degradation have prompted the exploration of alternative methods. In this study, we assessed the impact of various crop establishment methods (CE) i.e. conventional puddled transplanting, direct drill seeding on flatbed (DSR), and direct seeding on raised beds (FIRB) on five stress-tolerant rice varieties (V) i.e. DRR 42, DRR 44, Sukha Dhan 5, Sukha Dhan 6 and Sarjoo 52 by analysing biochemical parameters i.e. total sugar content, starch content, MDA content, SOD content and yield outcomes. Our findings reveal significant variations in biochemical parameters and yield across different CE and V combinations. Notably, FIRB consistently outperformed other CEs, indicating its potential for enhancing stress tolerance and yield. Similarly, DRR 44 exhibited superior performance across most growth stages. Our study highlights the potential advantages of FIRB method in mitigating water wastage and addressing the limitations of conventional transplanting practices.

Keywords: Crop establishment methods, direct drill seeding on flatbed (DSR), direct seeding on the raised bed (FIRB), puddled transplanting, stress-tolerant rice varieties


How to Cite

Tiwari, D., Patel, M. K., Priyadarsini, P., Ankita, Mishra, S., Vijai P., & Singh, U. (2024). Assessment of Biochemical Parameters and Yield Performance in Rice under Different Crop Establishment Methods . Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 341–351. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i62049

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