Study on Physical Properties of Groundnut Cultivated in Andhra Pradesh for Design of Remote-Operated Groundnut Planter

K. Madhu Malathi *

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Dr. NTR College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh, India.

A. Srinivasa Rao

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Dr. NTR College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh, India.

B. Raj Kiran

Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, Dr. NTR College of Agricultural Engineering, Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh, India.

R. Ganesh Babu

Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, College of Agricultural Engineering, Madakasira, Andhra Pradesh, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Physical properties of groundnut seeds play an important role in designing the cell size of seed metering device, the thickness of metering disc, the diameter of metering device and the design of seed hopper for the development of remote-operated groundnut planter. The present study describes the measurement of the physical properties of four groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties namely K-6 (Kadiri-6), Kadiri Lepakshi, Tag-24 (Trombay Akola Groundnut-24) and Dharani using standard measuring procedures. The results obtained for four varieties revealed that the seed length, width and thickness vary from 10.29 ± 1.11 to 17.52 ± 0.76 mm, 6.15 ± 0.39 to 9.51 ± 0.46 mm and 5.48 ± 0.33 to 8.59 ± 0.47 mm, respectively. The geometric mean diameter, arithmetic mean diameter and surface area varied from 7.39 ± 0.15 to 10.58 ± 0.36 mm, 7.87 ± 0.32 to 11.13 ± 0.45 mm, and 171.98 ± 6.89 to 352.21 ± 24.54 mm2, respectively. The Sphericity and Aspect Ratio varied from 55.51 ± 2.99 to 81.36 ± 6.87 % and 42.40 ± 4.16 to 77.82 ± 8.86 %, respectively. The Moisture Content (db.), bulk density, true density, porosity, hundred seeds weight and Angle of Repose for four different groundnut varieties are obtained as 5.25 to 10.45 %, 605.8 to 691.49 kg/m3, 1008.12 to 1123.4 kg/m3, 32.25 to 46.05 %, 30.485 to 45.62 g and 26.32 to 36.58º, respectively. The maximum values of axial dimensions were considered for design of seed metering device cell. The parameters of bulk density, test weight, and angle of repose were useful in the design of the seed hopper.

Keywords: Groundnut, physical properties, Kadiri-6, kadiri lepakshi, Tag-24, Dharani


How to Cite

Malathi, K. Madhu, A. Srinivasa Rao, B. Raj Kiran, and R. Ganesh Babu. 2024. “Study on Physical Properties of Groundnut Cultivated in Andhra Pradesh for Design of Remote-Operated Groundnut Planter”. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports 30 (7):23-32. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i72120.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ICRISAT. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics; 2024. Available:https://www.icrisat.org/crops/groundnut/overview

APEDA. Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority; 2022. Available:https://apeda.gov.in/apedawebsite/HACCP/2022_Groundnut_Survey_Report.pdf

Agri farming; 2019. Available:https://www.agrifarming.in/groundnut-farming

Muhammad AI, Isiaka M, Fagge AA, Attanda ML, Lawan I, Dangora ND. Some engineering properties of three varieties of groundnut pods and kernels. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment. 2015;11:61-75.

Sahay K, Singh KK. Unit operations of agricultural processing (2nd ed. Revised). New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House PVT LTD; 2003.

Baryeh EA. Physical properties of bambara groundnuts. Journal of Food Engineering. 2001;47(4):321-326.

Bahnasawy AH. Some physical and mechanical properties of garlic. International Journal of Food Engineering. 2007;3(6).

Davies RM. Some physical properties of groundnut grains. Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology. 2009;1(2):10-13.

Gojiya DK, Dobariya UD, Pandya PA, Gojiya KM. Studies on physical properties of peanut Seed. Acta Sci. Agric. 2020;4(3): 1-5.

Sravani M, Boreddy SR, Madhava M, Kumari PL. Physico-chemical properties of four selected groundnut varieties. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology. 2020;39(34):27-35.