Millets and Indigenous Food Systems in Indian Subcontinent: Revitalization, Resilience and Sovereignty

Vicky Yadav *

Department of Agricultural Extension and Communication, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, UP, India.

Sudhanand Prasad Lal

Department of Extension Education, PG College of Agriculture, RPCAU, Pusa, Samastipur-843125, Bihar, India.

Rishabh Singh Gaur

Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India.

Biswajit Malik

Department of Agricultural Extension Education, College of Agriculture, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Millet serves as a nutritional powerhouse, brimming with minerals, protein, beneficial fats, calcium, and an array of vital nutrients. Of all the millet varieties, Ragi takes the lead with its remarkable calcium content. Millets play a pivotal role in promoting good health, exhibiting the capacity to combat a range of diseases, even including cancer. Furthermore, these grains are highly recommended for individuals dealing with diabetes, forming a valuable part of the diet for diabetic patients. Presently, millet cultivation spans across 131 nations, with India prominently positioned as a frontrunner, contributing 41% to the global millet production. Remarkably, India's stature extends further as it clinches the fifth spot among the world's millet exporters. Noteworthy is the fact that in December 2018, India's proposal for designating 2023 as the International Year of Millets was embraced by the FAO, subsequently declared in March 2023. This paper delves into a comprehensive exploration of millets, encompassing their definition, a nutritional juxtaposition with cereals, accrued health advantages, contribution of millet production to the attainment of SDGs, a comprehensive overview of millet's cultivation landscape concerning geographical extent, production, productivity, and export trends. Additionally, a substantial focus is dedicated to elaborating on the significance and implications of the International Year of Millets, reflecting India's proactive role in enhancing global awareness about these grains.

Keywords: Coarse grain, food sovereignty, IYM-2023, millet, SDGs, shree anna, Indian population

How to Cite

Yadav , Vicky, Sudhanand Prasad Lal, Rishabh Singh Gaur, and Biswajit Malik. 2024. “Millets and Indigenous Food Systems in Indian Subcontinent: Revitalization, Resilience and Sovereignty”. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports 30 (7):48-58.


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