Morphological Characterization and Genetic Diversity Analyses of Yield and Yield Attributing Traits in Sweet Corn (Zea mays var. saccharata)

Rajasekar *

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, 848 125, Bihar, India.

Ajay Kumar

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, TCA, Dholi, Dr. RPCAU, Bihar, India.

Akilan M

Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, TNAU, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Nirmalaruban R

Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The genetic diversity among the genotypes were useful resources that enabled breeders to comprehend the performance of attributes or genotypes. This understanding is crucial in selecting appropriate genotypes or traits for hybridization programmes. A total of 15 sweet corn genotypes were utilized to assess the characteristics of genetic diversity, correlation, path coefficient and genetic divergence study. The phenotypic coefficient of variation (PCV) exceeded the genotypic coefficient of variation (GCV) for all the traits examined, suggesting certain degree of interaction with the environment. The heritability estimates for all variables examined in this study were found to be high. The genetic advance as per cent of mean (GAM) identified a significant difference between high and low values. The traits ear weight with husk, ear weight without husk, husk ratio, chlorophyll content, ear length, ear girth, number of rows per ear, number of kernels per row, 100 kernel weight, shelling percentage, cob yield per plot and fodder yield per plot exhibited high heritability and high GAM. Furthermore, the correlation analysis revealed a significant and positive association for the aforementioned attributes. Additionally, the path coefficient analysis for these traits indicated a favourable direct influence. A total of 15 genotypes were categorized into seven clusters based on their genetic distance. The features that made the biggest contribution to divergence were fodder yield per plot (21%) and shelling percentage (21%), followed by ear weight (14%) and cob yield per plot (10%). The results of this study would be valuable for identifying the desirable characteristics and genetic makeup that can be used in future breeding programmes aimed at enhancing the production of corn cobs in sweet corn.

Keywords: Genetic variability, diversity, correlation, path coefficient and clustering, sweet corn


How to Cite

Rajasekar, Ajay Kumar, Akilan M, and Nirmalaruban R. 2024. “Morphological Characterization and Genetic Diversity Analyses of Yield and Yield Attributing Traits in Sweet Corn (Zea Mays Var. Saccharata)”. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports 30 (7):635-46. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i72177.

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