A Comparative Analysis on Maritime Disaster Management between Korea and Sweden

Main Article Content

Lock Namkung


The purpose of this study is to illustrate the importance of crisis management planning and effective governance by comparing and analysing cases related to crisis management in disasters. Firstly, this study analyses the sinking of the MV Sewol of Korea, one of the worst ship accidents in the world, and criticise the crisis management plan. It also applies relevant methodologies to identify how to manage incidents and how to perform them for better management. Secondly, this analyses the sinking accident and crisis management plan of MS Estonia in Sweden which is one of the worst ship accident in the world. As a result, MS Estonia disaster triggered improvements in safety policies in Sweden.

This study argues that Korean government can learn important lessons from Sweden to avoid the "vicious cycle" that exists in South Korea's policy decisions related to safety issues. Compared with the case in Sweden, this study suggests that further measures are needed to end the vicious circle of low safety standards and low confidence in Korea. Compared to the case in Sweden, a few policy recommendations are suggested in this study.

Disaster management, maritime disaster, vicious cycle, MV Sewol, Ms Estonia

Article Details

How to Cite
Namkung, L. (2019). A Comparative Analysis on Maritime Disaster Management between Korea and Sweden. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 25(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2019/v25i230188
Original Research Article


Woo SH. The ship we cannot get off of. Paju: Woong Jin Knowledge House; 2014.

Cho BG. The MV sewol tragedy and the oceangoing vessel industry. Maritime Korea. 2014;52-53.

Birkland TA. Focusing events, mobilisation, and agenda setting. Journal of Public Policy. 1998;18(1):53-74.

Roh JC. The social structural aspects of the MV Sewol tragedy and the limitations of the disaster response system. Maritime Korea. 2014;138-150.

Dostal JM, Kim HJ, Ringstad A. A historical-institutionalist analysis of the MV Sewol and MS Estonia tragedies: policy lessons from Sweden for South Korea; 2015.

Board of Audit and Inspection. Progress Report on the audit of the MV Sewol tragedy. Seoul: Board of Audit and Inspection; 2014.

Byun,JM. MV Sewol tragedy: The center of gravity shaken by manmade factors. Donga Science. 2014;341:40-45.

Joint Accident Investigation Commission. Slutrapport: Ro-ro passagerarfärjan MS Estonia s förlisningiÖstersjön den 28 september 1994. Helsinki: Joint Accident Investigation Commission; 1998.

UNISDR. UNISDR Strategic Framework. 2016;2021.

Kim IH. Let’s create a repository to memorialise the Sewol tragedy. History Review. 2014;107:12-24.

Park GH. The MV Sewol tragedy. Maritime Korea. 2014;154-159.