Main Article Content
The present study was undertaken to collect the information regarding ethnomedicinal practices of Acorus calamus and data were collected by using a well-designed interview schedule from local herbal heelers called “Hakeems, Bohris” experts in the Ayurvedic and Unani medicine, local collectors. The results indicated that the main ailment categories that are treated by Acorus calamus include skin diseases, renal/urinary disorders, muscular/skeletal disorders, respiratory diseases, eye diseases, fever and others. These diseases were treated traditionally by using its different parts after proper processing and at prescribed treatment procedure by the concerned Hakeem, bhoris, Ayurvedic and Unani doctors. The analysis also indicates that 65% of the rhizomes followed by 15% of leaves, 12% of root hairs, whole plant 8% are used for treatment of many diseases under ethno-medicines. Modes of utilization or preparations were powder, paste, decoction and juice. The treatments of diseases with A. calamus enumerated in this study have given some useful leads for further biomedical research. Nevertheless, more phytochemical, pharmaceutical and clinical studies are needed to evaluate protective properties, efficacy and safety of all the claimed medicinal treatments.
Sahoo N, Manchikanti P, Dey S. Herbal drugs: Standards and regulation. fitoterapia . 2010;81(6):462-71.
Fabricant DS, Farnsworth NR. The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2001;109(1):69.
Divya G, Gajalakshmi S, Mythili S, Sathiavelu A. Pharmacological Activities of Acorus calamus: A review. Asian Journal Biochemical Pharmacy Resources. 2011; 1:57-64.
Jain N, Suri RK. Insecticidal, insect repellent and piscicidal plants of Dehradun. Nagarjun. 1980;23:177-181.
Oprean R, Oprean L, Tamas M, Sandulescu R, Roman L. Essential oils analysis II. Mass spectra identification of terpene and phenylpropane derivatives. Journal Pharmacy Biomed Analysis. 2001 24:1163-1168.
Venakutonis PR, Dagilyte A. Composition of essential oil of sweet flag (Acorus calamus L.) leaves at different growing phases. Journal of Essential Oil Research. 2003;15:313-318.
Bhat GM, Rayees A Bhat, MA Islam, TA Rather, FA Shahkhan, Huzaifa Majeed, Nida Rafiq. Importance of acorus calamus in rural livelihood security of district ganderbal in Kashmir valley, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2020; 9(10):986994.DOI:https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.118
Anonymous. Directorate of economics and statistics, district statistics and evaluation office, Ganderbal, Jammu and Kashmir; 2011.
Ray GL, Mondol S. Research methods in social sciences and extension education. Kalyani publishers, New Delhi, India; 2004.
Mukherjee N. Participatory rural appraisal. Methodology and Applications, Concept Publishing Company, Delhi; 1993.
Nida R, Bhat GM, Islam MA, Sofi PA, Malik AR, Rather TAH, Pala Nazir A. Ethno medicinal utilization of bergenia ciliata L in Kashmir Himalaya, India. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2019;8(6):2182-2184.
Huzaifa M. Ethno medicinal practices and standardization of propagation techniques of ocimum basilicum L under temperate conditions of Kashmir. M.Sc Thesis Submitted to Faculty of Forestry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar; 2019.
Tangjang S, Namsa ND, Aran C, Litin A. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in the eastern Himalayan zone of arunachal pradesh, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2011;134(1):18-25.
Sung C, Myoun SP, Yu RL, Tae WK, Seon GD. A standardized bamboo leaf extract inhibits monocyte adhesion to endothelial cells by modulating vascular cell adhesionprotein-1. Natural Resource Practica. 2013;7(1):9-14.