Adsorption of Crude Oil Spill from Aqueous Solution using Agro-Wastes as Adsorbents
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports,
Ever increasing and growing awareness of oil-spillage to water environment has led to the search for cost-effective unconventional remediating techniques. This study was carried out using agro-wastes (Rice Husks, Banana Peels and Groundnut Husks) adsorbents. They were activated with H3PO4 for crude oil spill removal from aqueous solution; results were analysed using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The raw agro-wastes and their activated forms were characterized by SEM. The sorption study for maximum adsorption capacity were carried out at different adsorbent concentrations, adsorbent dosage, contact time, pH and rotational speed. The experimental results were analysed using Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm models. The maximum average adsorption capacity (qe) for raw and activated carbon adsorbents were observed in rice husks with 0.2750 and 0.3698 mg/g respectively. The Langmuir isotherm was found to well represent the measured sorption data for the raw and activated banana peel while the remaining raw and activated adsorbents followed the Temkin isotherm. The batch adsorption data on the effect of contact time were fitted into the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second order models. The banana peel data and its activated form were best described by the pseudo-second-order model indicating chemisorption process while the remaining adsorbents followed the pseudo-first-order model indicating physisorption process. The average removal efficiency of oil by the various adsorbents used increase in the order: (Raw: Banana Peels (50.4 %) < Groundnut Husks (56.8 %) < Rice Husks (74.4 %); Activated Carbon: Banana Peels (61.4 %) < Groundnut Husks (65.6 %) < Rice Husks (82.8 %)). Results of this study (high values of R2 and least values AARE and RMSE) revealed and confirmed that activated carbon adsorbents have better adsorption capacity than the raw forms to clean-up oil spills in aqueous solution.
- Activated carbon
- adsorption capacity
- isotherm model
- sorption of crude oil
How to Cite
Qu X, Alvarez PJ, Li Q. Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment. Water Research. 2013; 47(12):3931–3946.
Sizmur T, Fresno T, Akgül G, Frost H, Moreno-Jiménez E. Biochar modification to enhance sorption of inorganics from water. Bioresource Technology. 2017;246:34–47. Available:https://doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2017.07.082.
Konicki W, Sibera D, Mijowska E, Lendzion-Bielun Z, Narkiewicz U. Equilibrium and kinetic studies on acid dye acid red 88 adsorptions by magnetic ZnFe2O4 spinel ferrite nanoparticles. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. 2013;398:152–160.
Aljeboree AM, Alshirifi AN, Alkaim AF Kinetics and equilibrium study for the adsorption of textile dyes on coconut shell activated carbon. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. 2017;10:S3381-S3393.
Hussein M, Amer A, Sawsan II. Heavy oil spill cleanup using low grade raw cotton fibers: trial for practical application. Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels. 2011;2(8):132-140.
El-Said AG, Badawy NA, Abd El Pasir. Comparison of Synthetic and Natural Adsorbent for Sorption of Ni (II) Ions from Aqueous Solution. Nature and Science. 2010;8(11):86-94.
Abdullah MA, Rahmah U, Man Z. Physicochemical and sorption characteristics of Malaysian Ceibapentandra (L.) Gaertn as natural oil sorbent, Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2010;177:683-691.
Wahi R, Chuah LA, Choong TSY, Ngaini Z, Nourouzi MM. Oil removal from aqueous state by natural fibrous sorbent: an overview. Separation and Purification Technology. 2013;113:51-63.
Dong T, Xua G, Wanga F Oil spill cleanup by structured natural sorbents made from cattail fibers. Industrial Crops and Products. 2015;76:25-33.
Karan CP, Rengasamy R, Das D. Oil spill clean-up by structured fibre assembly. Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research. 2011;36:190–200.
Zubaidi IA, Ibrahim H, Shirif E. Oil cleanup from contaminated water using different sorbents, 65th Canadian Chemical Engineering Conference, Calgary, AB. 2015;5-7.
Cheu SC, Kong H, Song ST, Johari K, Saman N, Che-Yunus MA, Mat H. Separation of dissolved oil from aqueous solution by sorption onto acetylated lignocellulosic biomass-equilibrium, kinetics and mechanism studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2016;4:864–881.
Melvold RW, Gibson SC, Scarberry R. Sorbents for liquid Hazardous Substance Cleanup and Control. Noyes Data Corp., Park Ridge, NJ; 1988.
Adebajo MO, Frost RL, Kloprogge JT, Carmody O, Kokot S. Porous materials for oil spill cleanup: a review of synthesis and absorbing properties. Journal of Porous Matter. 2003;10:159-170.
Zubaidy A, Zaffar IA, Chowdhury HU, Mustafa N, Varughese N, Ahmed R, et al. Adsorption study of bio-degradable natural sorbents for remediation of water from crude oil. International Conference on Natural Science and Environment; 2014. Available:https://doi:10.7763/IPCBEE. 2015. V84. 24.
Razavi Z, Mirghaffari N, Rezaei B. Adsorption of crude and engine oils from water using raw rice husk. Water Science and Technology. 2014;69(5):947–952. Available:https://doi:10.2166/wst.2013.804.
Sayyad AJ, Vared AM, Zendehboudi S. Natural sorbent for oil spill clean-up from water surface: environmental implication. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 2015;54(43):10615-10621. Available:https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.5b01715.
Tijani MM, Aqsha A, Mahinpey N. Development of oil-spill sorbent from straw biomass waste: experiments and modeling studies. Journal of Environmental Management. 2016;171:166–176. Available:https://doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.02.010.
Bandura L, Woszuk A, Kołodynska D, Franus W. Application of Mineral Sorbents for Removal of Petroleum Substances: A Review. Minerals. 2017;37(7):1-25. Available:http://www.mdpi.com/journal/minerals.
Rahman A, Agrawal S, Nawaz T, Pan S, Selvaratnam T. A Review of Algae-Based Produced Water Treatment for Biomass and Biofuel Production. Water. 2020; 12(2351):1-27.
Erenstein O, Lançon F, Osiname O, Kebbeh M. The Nigerian Rice Economy in a Competitive World: Constraints, Opportunities and Strategic Choices Operationalizing the strategic framework for rice sector revitalization in Nigeria. West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA) – The Africa Rice Center Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. 2004;i-35.
Kaewsam P, Saikaew W, Wongcharee S. Dried biosorbent derived from banana peel: A potential biosorbent for removal of Cadmium ions from aqueous solution. The 18th Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry Conference, Pattaya, Thailand. 2008;20-27.
Tongpoothorn W, Sriuttha M, Homchan P, Chanthai S, Ruangviriyachai C. Preparation of activated carbon derived from Jatrophacurcas fruit shell by simple thermo-chemical activation and characterization of their physico-chemical properties, Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2011;89(3):335-340.
Zhang P, Whistler RL, BeMiller JN, Hamaker BR. Banana starch: Production, physicochemical properties and digestibility-a review. Carbohydrate Polymers. 2005;59(4):443458.
Cadoni P, Angelucci F. Analysis of incentives and disincentives for Rice in Nigeria. Technical Notes Series, MAFAP, FAO, and Rome; 2013.
Xiao X, Shenglian L, Guangming Z, Wanzhi W, Yong W, Liang C, et al. Biosorption of cadmium by endophytic fungus (EF) Microsphaeropsis sp. LSE10 isolated from cadmium hyperaccumulator Solanumnigrum L. Journal of Bioresource Technology. 2010;101(6):1668-1674. Available:https://doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2009.09.083.
Li H, Liu L, Yang F. Hydrophobic modification of polyurethane foam for oil spill cleanup. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2012;64(8):1648-1653.
Tic W. Characteristics of adsorbents used to remove petroleum contaminants from soil and wastewater. Przemysl Chemiczny. 2015;1:79-84.
Wu D, Fang L, Qin Y, Wu W, Mao C, Zhu H. Oil sorbents with high sorption capacity, oil/water selectivity and reusability for oil spill clean-up. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2014;84(1-2):263-267.
Lin J, Shang Y, Ding B, Yang J, Yu J, Al-Deyab SS. Nanoporous polystyrene fibers for oil spill clean-up. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2012;64(2):347–352.
Inyinbor AA, Adekola FA, Olatunji GA. Kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic modelling of liquid phase adsorption of Rhodamine B dye onto Raphia hookerie fruit epicarp Water Resources and Industry. 2016;15:14–27.
Langmuir I. Adsorption of gases on plain surfaces of glass mica platinum. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1918;40: 1361-1403.
Freundlich H, Heller W. The adsorption of cis- and trans-azobenzene. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 1939; 61(8):2228-2230.
Tempkin MJ, Pyzhev V. Kinetics of ammonia synthesis on promoted iron catalysts. Acta Physicochim. USSR. 1940;12:217-222.
Dubinin MM, Radushkevich LV. Equation of the characteristic curve of activated charcoal, Proc. Academy of Sciences Physical Chemistry, USSR. 1947;55:331–333.
Farahani M, Abdullah S, Hosseini S, Shojaeipour S, Kasisaz M. Adsorption-based cationic dyes using the carbon active sugarcane bagasse. Environmental Sciences Proceedin. 2011;10:203–208. Available:https://doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2011.09.035.
Wang Z, Barford JP, Hui CW, McKay G. Kinetic and equilibrium studies of hydrophilic and hydrophobic rice husk cellulosic fibers used as oil spill sorbents. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2015; 281:961-969.
Lagergren S. About the theory of so-called adsorption of soluble substances. Kungliga Suensk Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar. 1898;241:1–39.
Anastopoulos I, Kyzas GZ. Agricultural peels for dye adsorption: a review of recent literature. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 2014;200:381–389.
Ho YS, McKay G. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes, Process Biochemistry. 1999;34:451–465.
Sathasivam K, Haris MRHM. Adsorption kinetics and capacity of fatty acid-modified banana trunk fibers for oil in water. Water, Air and Soil Pollution. 2010;213(1):413-423.
Foo KY, Hameed BH. Insights into the modeling of adsorption isotherm systems. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2010; 156:2-10.
Hameed BH, Mahmoud DK, Ahmad AL. Equilibrium modelling and kinetic studies on the adsorption of basic dye by a low-cost adsorbent: coconut (Cocos nucifera) bunch waste. Journal of Hazardous Material. 2008;158:65–72.
Horsfall MJ, Abia AA, Spiff AI. Kinetic studies on the adsorption of Cd2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+ ions from aqueous solution by cassava (Manihot esculenta cranz) tuber bark waste. Bioresource Technology. 2006;97:283–291.
Kudaibergenov K, Ongarbayev Y, Mansurov Z, Doszhanov Y. Study on the effectiveness of thermally treated rice husks for petroleum adsorption, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. 2013;358:2964-2969.
Mohammad YS, Shaibu-Imodagbe EM, Igboro SB, Giwa A, Okuofu CA. Modeling and Optimization for Production of Rice Husk Activated Carbon and Adsorption of Phenol. Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Engineering; 2014.
Gabriela PSM, Eliane L, Thiago B, Samir MA, Ana PC, José MFN, Elina BC. Trace Analysis of Carbazole in Commercial Diesel by using Adsorption on Activated Biochar from Rice Husk Pyrolysis. International Journal of Engineering Research and Science. 2017;3(8):46-57. Available:http://hdl.handle.net/10183/170749.
Somaia M, Sahar MA, Abdel B, El-Desouki D. Activated Carbon Derived from Egyptian Banana Peels for Removal of Cadmium from Water. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International. 2015;3(2):77-88. Available:https://doi:10.9734/JALSI/2015/16652.
Alaa El-Din G, Amer AA, Malsh G, Hussein M. Study on the use of banana peels for oil spill removal. Alexandria Engineering Journal; 2017.
Darlington BN, Uchenna A. Adsorption of Crude Oil Using Meshed Groundnut Husk. Chemical Product and Process Modeling. 2010;5:1.
Medjor WO, Wepuaka CA, Yahya AP. Characterization of Adsorption Capacity of Phenol using Groundnut Husk-based Activated Carbon. Chemical Science International Journal. 2015;7(1):38-46. Available:https://doi.org/10.9734/ACSJ/2015/17305.
Angelova D, Uzunov I, Uzunova S, Gigova A, Minchev L. Kinetics of oil and oil products adsorption by carbonized rice husks. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2011;172:306-311.
Ali N, El-Harbawi M, Jabal AA, Yin CY. Characteristics and oil sorption effectiveness of kapok fibre, sugarcane bagasse and rice husks: oil removal suitability matrix. Environmental Technology. 2012;33:481-486.
Singh V, Kendall RJ, Hake K, Ramkumar S. Crude oil sorption by raw cotton. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 2013;52(18):6277–6281. Available:https://doi.org/10.1021/ie4005942.
Ahmad MA, Ahmad N, Bello OS. Removal of remazol brilliant blue reactive dye from aqueous solutions using watermelon rinds as adsorbent, Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. 2015;36(6):845-858.
Bello OS, Adegoke KA, Akinyunni OO. Preparation and characterization of a novel adsorbent from Moringa oleifera leaf. Applied Water Science; 2015.
Lim T, Huang, X. Evaluation of kapok (Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn.) as a natural hollow hydrophobic–oleophilic fibrous sorbent for oil spill cleanup, Chemosphere. 2007;66(5):955–963.
Husseien M, Amer A, El-Maghraby A, Taha N. Availability of barley straw application on oil spill clean-up. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2009;6(1):123-130.
Ifelebuegu AO, Momoh Z. An Evaluation of the Adsorptive Properties of Coconut Husk for Oil Spill Cleanup. Proceeding of the International Conference on Advances in Applied science and Environmental Technology; 2015. Available:https://doi:10.15224/978-1-6324 8-040-8- 38.
Półka M, Kukfisz B, Wysocki P, Polakovic P, Kvarcak M. Efficiency analysis of the sorbents used to adsorb the vapors of petroleum products during rescue and firefighting actions. Przemysl Chemiczny. 2015;1:109–113.
Karaca S, Gürses A, Açikyildiz M, Ejder KM. Adsorption of cationic dye from aqueous solutions by activated carbon. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 2008;115(3):376–382.
Demirbas E, Dizge N, Sulak MT, Kobya M. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium of copper from aqueous solutions using hazelnut shell activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2009;148(2-3):480–487.
Uzoije AP, Onunkwo A, Egwuonwu N Crude oil sorption onto groundnut shell activated carbon: Kinetic and isotherm studies. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences. 2011; 3(5):555-563.
Garg U, Kaur MP, Jawa GK, Sud D, Garg VK. Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by adsorption on agricultural waste biomass. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2008;154(1-3): 1149–1157.
Lo SF, Wang SY, Tsai MJ, Lin LD. Adsorption capacity and removal efficiency of heavy metal ions by Moso and Ma bamboo activated carbons. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 2012; 90(9):1397–1406.
Saad SA, Isa KM, Bahari R. Chemically modified sugarcane bagasse as a potentially low-cost biosorbent for dye removal. Desalination. 2010;264(1-2):123-128.
Abstract View: 665 times
PDF Download: 549 times