Constraints and Way Forward for Boosting Income from Dairy Farming in India: A Review
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports,
For a sustainable livelihood model of farming under Indian conditions, dairying becomes an inevitable part along with crop production. Dairy farming has been a continuous source of income to the farmers which help them in their socioeconomic development. Increased quantity and quality of milk always fetches good returns to the farmers. Hence, it becomes the priority of almost all the farmers to extract more and more milk from the animals which may sometimes pushes them into faulty husbandry practices which ultimately lead to loss of income and loss of health of animals. Nonetheless, dairy production in India has boosted many folds as shown by increased livestock population and production scenario in the country. However, under Indian conditions, for enhancing the income from dairy farming certain constraints have to be layout and correspondingly firm solutions have to be made. Constraints such as poor availability of high producing Germplasm, rapidly decreasing availability of feed and fodder resources, poor husbandry practices, reproductive and other health problems among several other problems hinder the income obtained from dairy farming to the farmers. In addition to the much needed solutions of such constraints, there needs for the reforming government policies for overall development of dairying in India. This article discusses on such probable constraints and their solutions in concise yet informative way so that wholesome development of income through dairy industry may be achieved.
- Indian dairy farming
- ways for boosting
How to Cite
Roy A, Sainath B, Lakshmipriya P. The patterns of livestock products consumption in India: A recent trends and future prospects. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2021;10(1):376-379.
Singh AK. Advancements in management practices from far-off dry period to initial lactation period for improved production, Reproduction, and Health Performances in Dairy Animals: A Review. International Journal of Livestock Research. 2021;11(3):25-41.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Chatterjee A, Karunakaran M. Influence of alteration in far-off period feeding management on water intake, water and dry matter efficiency, relative immunoglobulin level in dairy cows at tropical climate. Journal of Animal Research. 2020b;10(5):741-749.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Kumari T, Mandal DK, Chatterjee A, Dutta TK. Influence of alteration of dry period feeding management on body weight and body measurements of Jersey crossbred cows at lower Gangetic region. Journal of Animal Research. 2020c;10(1):137-141.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Kumari T, Mandal DK, Chatterjee A, Karunakaran M, et al. Influence of pre and postpartum alpha-tocopherol supplementation on milk yield, milk quality and udder health of Jersey crossbred cows at tropical lower Gangetic region. Veterinary World. 2020d;13(9): 2006-2011.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Mandal DK, Chatterjee A. Effect of pre and postpartum alpha-tocopherol supplementation on body condition and some udder health parameters of Jersey crossbred cows at tropical lower Gangetic region. Journal of Animal Research. 2020e;10(5): 697-703.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Mandal DK, Mandal A, Rai S, Chatterjee A, Ghosh MK. Effect of reducing energy intake during dry period on milk production, udder health and body condition score of Jersey crossbred cows at tropical lower Gangetic region. Tropical Animal Health Production. 2020f;52:1759-1767.
Landes M, Cessna J, Kuberka L, Jones K. India’s Dairy Sector: Structure. Performance and Prospects. Economic Research Service/USDA. LDPM-272-01; 2017.
Basic animal husbandry statistics (BAHS); 2019-2020.
20th Livestock Census, by Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairing and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India; 2019.
Chandran PC, Pandian JS, Kamal R, Dey A. Socio-economic status and system of farming practices with Diara Buffaloes in the Middle Gangetic Plains of Bihar, India. Buffalo Bulletin. 2019;38(3).
Otte J, Costales A, Dijkman J, Pica-Ciamarra U, Robinson T, Ahuja V, Roland-Holst D. Livestock sector development for poverty reduction: An economic and policy perspective. Livestock's many virtues. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO); 2012.
Palsaniya DR. Researchable issues in livestock and fodder sector under COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Current Science. 2020;118(12):1865-1866.
Mudgal V, Mehta MK, Rane AS, Nanavati S. A survey on feeding practices and nutritional status of dairy animals in Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition. 2003;20(2): 217-220.
Prathibha AI, Bhanu Rekha V, Ajay Kuma VJ, Nithya Quintoil M, Sowmiya V. Assessment of hurdles faced by women entrepreneurs in livestock sector during COVID 19 Lockdown. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science. 2020;9(7):3033-3039.
DARE-ICAR Annual Report; 2013-14.
Gopi RA, Manivannan MG, Sindhu, Soundararajan C. Socio- Economic Profile and Constraints of Dairy Farmers in Cuddalore District of Tamil Nadu, India. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2020;9(04): 1320-1326.
Eqbal MS, Singh MK, Khan N. Constraints faced by tribal dairy farmers regarding dairy farming practices in Lohardaga district of Jharkhand. International Journal of Scientific Research. 2013;2(6): 546-548.
Mohd Younas Beig, SA Khandi, Rayees Ahmed Bafanda, Rizwan Jeelani. Constraint analysis of mixed dairy farming perceived by the field veterinarians in Jammu district of Jammu and Kashmir.The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2021;SP-10(1):108-111.
Dikshit AK, Birthal PS. Positive environmental externalities of livestock in mixed farming systems of India. Agricultural Economics Research Review. 2013;26:21-30.
Minhaj SU, Khandi SA, Bafanda RA, Bhushan B, Choudhary F, Khateeb AM. Constraints perceived by dairy farmers in the adoption of improved animal husbandry practices in Doda district. International Journal of Livestock Research. 2019;9(02):319-326.
Saravanan KP, Silambarasan P, Manivannan A, Sasikala V, Sivakumar T. Constraints and management practices of dairy farming during COVID-19 Pandemic Situation. Asian Journal of Dairy and Food Research; 2021.
Meena OP, Sharma NK, Jeph NK, Meena DS. Constraints perceived by dairy members in adoption of new technologies in dairy farming in Rajasthan. Veterinary Practitioner. 2018;19(2):317-319.
Singh AK. Feeding management of goat. Indian Farmer. 2018;5:995-1000.
Lalhriatpuii M, Singh AK. Goat Meat: No Less Source of Protein in Comparison to Other Meat for Human Consumption; 2021.
Prajapati VS, Odedra MD, Gamit VV, Ahlawat AR, Patel HA. An overview of feeding management practices followed by the dairy farmers in a different state of India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2021;9(1):2248-2254.
Kumar J, Singh R, Somnath DR, Singh H, Singh S. Studies on feeding & breeding practices of dairy animal in western Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 2019;SP3:29-36.
Kumar R, Singh PK, Goyal RK, Singh H, Kumhar BL. Existing Housing and Feeding Management Practices of Buffaloes in Firozabad District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Int. J Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2017;6(5): 1831-1838.
NDRI vision. Published by National Diary Research Institute, Karnal, India; 2030, 2010.
Das R, Sailo L, Verma N, Bharti P, Saikia J, Imtiwati Kumar R. Impact of heat stress on health and performance of dairy animals: A review. Veterinary World. 2016; 9(3):260-268.
Singh AK, Yadav DK, Bhatt N, Sriranga KR, Roy S. Housing management for dairy animals under Indian tropical type of climatic conditions-a review. Veterinary Research International. 2020j;8(2):94-99.
Aggarwal A, Upadhyay R. Heat stress and milk production. In: Heat Stress and Animal Productivity, Springer, India. 2013; 53-77.
NDRI annual report. Published by National Diary Research Institute, Karnal, India; 2010.
Kumar BV, Kumar A, Meena K. Effect of heat stress in tropical livestock and different strategies for its amelioration. Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry. 2011;7(1):45-54.
Kohli S, Atheya UK, Thapliyal A. Assessment of optimum thermal humidity index for crossbred dairy cows in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, India. Veterinary World. 2014;7(11):916-921.
Das SK, Karunakaran M, Barbuddhe SB, Singh NP. Effect of orientation, ventilation, floor space allowance and cooling arrangement on milk yield and microclimate of dairy shed in Goa. Journal of Animal Research. 2015;5(2):231-235.
Roland L, Drillich M, Klein-Jöbst D, Iwersen M. Invited review: Influence of climatic conditions on the development, performance, and health of calves. Journal of Dairy Science. 2016;99(4):2438-2452.
Narwaria US, Singh M, Verma KK, Bharti PK. Amelioration of thermal stress using modified roof in dairy animals under tropics: A Review. Journal of Animal Research. 2017;7(5):801-812.
Habeeb AAM. Impact of change in climatic conditions on animal reproductive performance. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Sciences. 2020;7:23-27.
Sriranga KR, Singh AK, Harini KR, Anil Mukherjee I, Durge AB, Mohanta KP. Insights of Herbal Supplements during Transition Period in Dairy Animals: An Updated Review. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science. 2021;11(3):419-429.
Yadav B, Pandey V, Yadav S, Kumar V, Sirohi R. Effect of misting and wallowing cooling systems on milk yield, blood and physiological variables during heat stress in lactating Murrah buffalo. Journal of Animal Science and Technology; 2016.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Yadav DK, Kansal G, Rajput MS. Importance of measuring water intake in dairy animals: A review. International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Sciences and Technology. 2020g;7(2):23-30.
Singh AK, Bhakat C, Yadav DK, Kumari T, Mandal DK, Rajput MS, Bhatt N. Effect of pre and postpartum Alphatocopherol supplementation on body measurements and its relationship with body condition, milk yield, and udder health of Jersey crossbred cows at tropical lower Gangetic region. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2020h;8(1):1499-1502.
Birthal PS, Awadhesh K Jha, Marites M Tiongeo, Clare Narrod. Farm-level impacts of vertical coordination of the food supply chain: evidence from contract farming of milk in India, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2009;64(3):481-95.
Cunningham K. Rural and Urban Linkages: Operation flood’s role in India’s Dairy Development, Discussion Paper 924, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C., U.S.A; 2009.
Kumar Anjani, Steven J Staal, Lucy Lapar, Isabelle Baltenweck. Traditional milk market in Assam: Potential for Income and Employment Generation, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2010;65(4):747-59.
Kumar Anjani, Shinoj P, Jee Shiv. Do Dairy Co-operatives Enhance Milk Production, Productivity and Quality? Evidences from the Indo-Gangetic Plain of India, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics. 2013; 68(3):206348.
Khan MH, Manoj K, Pramod S. Reproductive disorders in dairy cattle under semi-intensive system of rearing in North-Eastern India. Veterinary World. 2016;9(5):512–518.
Ojango J, Wasike C, Enahoro D, Okeyo A. Dairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaragua. Animal Genetic Resources. 2016;59:81-95.
Sreenivas D. Breeding policy strategies for genetic improvement of cattle and buffaloes in India, Veterinary World 2013;6(7):455-460.
Prajapati VS, Singh RR, Kharadi VB, Chaudhary SS. Status of breeding and health care management practices of dairy bovines in the Rural and Urban Areas of South Gujarat of India. Journal of Animal Science Advances. 2015;5(11):1514-1521.
Sabapara GP, Desai PM, Kharadi VB, Singh RR. Breeding and health care management status of dairy animals in the tribal area of south Gujarat. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 2010;80(11):1148-51.
Chowdhry NR, Patel JB, Bhakat M. An overview of feeding, breeding and housing practices of dairy animals under milk co- operative system in Banaskantha district of North Gujarat region. Dairy Planner. 2006;5:8-10.
Basunathe VK, Sawarkar SW, Sasidhar PVK. Adoption of dairy production technologies and implications for dairy development in India. Outlook on Agriculture. 2010;39(2):134–140.
Prakashkumar Rathod, Mahesh Chander, Chethan Sharma G. Adoption status of artificial insemination in Indian dairy sector: Application of multinomial logit model, Journal of Applied Animal Research. 2017;45(1):442-446,
Singh I, Balhara AK. New approaches in buffalo artificial insemination programs with special reference to India. Theriogenology. 2016;86(1):194–199.
Kansal G, Yadav DK, Singh AK, Rajput MS. Advances in the management of bovine mastitis. International Journal of Advances in Agricultural Science and Technology. 2020;7(2):10-22.
Kumari T, Bhakat C, Singh AK, Sahu J, Mandal DK, Choudhary RK. Low cost management practices to detect and control sub-clinical mastitis in dairy cattle. Int. J. Curr. Microbio. Appl. Sci. 2019;8(05):1958-1964.
Dash S, Chakravarty AK, Singh A, Upadhyay A, Singh M, Yousuf S. Effect of heat stress on reproductive performances of dairy cattle and buffaloes: A review. Veterinary World. 2016;9(3):235–244.
Singh AK, Kumari T, Rajput MS, Baishya A, Bhatt N, Roy S. Review on effect of bedding material on production, reproduction and health of dairy animals. International Journal of Livestock Research. 2020i ;10:11-20.
Singh AK. Influence of alteration of management practice on performances of dairy cows at lower Gangetic region. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, India; 2019.
Mukherjee R, Biswas S, Dutta S, Chowdhury A, Roy S, Basu A, Mandal D. Prevalent Cattle diseases of West Bengal: A survey in four districts. World News of Natural Sciences. 2019;23:221-232.
Roy PK, Saha RC, Singh L, Singh RB, Nagpaul PK. Dairy cattle management practices of different farming systems in Nadia district of West Bengal. In Technology transfers in dairying-Proceedings of Workshop on Technological Interventions for Socio-Economic Enrichment of Rural Dairy Farmers in Eastern and North-Eastern India.(eds.) Misra, RK and Saha, RC NDRI, Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal. 2005; 25-26.
Srivastava AK, Patel JB, Ankuya KJ, Chauhan HD, Pawar MM, Gupta JP. Conservation of indigenous cattle breeds. Journal of Animal Research. 2019;9(1):1-12.
Dutta S, Dey RA, Misra RK. Health constraints of crossbred cattle in rural Bengal. Indian Dairyman. 2001;53(5):53-56.
Project Directorate on Animal Disease Monitoring and Surveillance; 2011.
Accessed on 16th July, 2021.
Kumari T, Bhakat C, Singh AK, Sahu J, Mandal DK, Choudhary RK. Low Cost Management Practices to Detect and Control Sub-Clinical Mastitis in Dairy Cattle. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 2019;8(05):1958-1964.
Kumari T, Bhakat C, Singh AK. Adoption of management practices by the farmers to control sub-clinical mastitis in dairy cattle. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2020;8(2):924-927.
Shit N, Hajra DK, Baidya S, Debbarma A. Seasonal occurrence of gastrointestinal helminth parasites in cattle and buffaloes in Bankura district, West Bengal, India. Exploratory Animal and Medical Research. 2017;7(1):58-63.
Sharma DK, Yadav S. Socio economic transformation by dairy development in Bundi District. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2021;10(7).
De D, Das CS. Measuring Livelihood Sustainability by PCA in Indian Sundarban. Environ Dev Sustain; 2021.
Krishna Viswanatha Reddy, Paramesh Venkatesh, Arunachalam Vadivel Das, Bappa Elansary, Hosam O, Parab Arjun Reddy, et al. Assessment of sustainability and priorities for Development of Indian West Coast Region: An Application of Sustainable Livelihood Security Indicators, Sustainability. 2020;12(20):1-19.
Garai S, Ghosh MK, Maiti S, Garai S, Meena BS, Dutta TK, Kadian KS. Development and application of dairy-based sustainable livelihood security index in the districts of West Bengal, India: A tool for dairy development planning. Journal of Rural Studies. 2019; 17:1–9.
Abstract View: 71 times
PDF Download: 25 times