Journal of Scientific Research and Reports 2021-05-13T13:26:38+00:00 Journal of Scientific Research and Reports Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Journal of Scientific Research and Reports (ISSN: 2320-0227)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JSRR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘scientific research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Analysis Factor of Noise, Bus Conditions and Unsafe Actions on Accident Incidents at Mangkang Terminal and Pengaron Terminal, Semarang-Indonesia 2021-05-13T13:26:38+00:00 M. G. Catur Yuantari Vio Anifa Slamet Isworo <p><strong>Objective and Background</strong><strong>:</strong> A traffic accident is an unexpected incident on the highway involving a vehicle with or without other road users that results in casualties or property loss. the bus station is a place to regulate the arrival and departure of inter-city and inter-provincial routes. The purpose of this study was to analyze the additional workload, vehicle conditions, and unsafe actions in the event of an accident.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong><strong>:</strong> This type of research used a quantitative approach with a cross sectional study design. The population in this study were inter-city inter-provincial (AKDP) and inter-city within the province (AKDP) bus drivers with a study sample of 64 respondents in Mangkang and Penggaron bus station. The sampling technique uses accidental sampling. The research instrument was a questionnaire and it was processed using the Spearman rank test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that there was no relationship between psychological conditions (p=0.695), ergonomics (p=0.994) with the incidence of bus driver accidents. However, there is a relationship between noise levels (p=0.43), vehicle conditions (p=0.002), unsafe actions (p=0.025) and the incidence of bus driver accidents.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><strong>:</strong> Buses that enter Mangkang and Penggaron bus station, are required to follow the occupational safety and health (K3) regulations stipulated by local transportation regulations. Especially for economy class bus drivers, they must continue to carry passengers according to the capacity of their bus, so they can avoid dangerous incidents.</p> 2021-04-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Impact-Losses, Reboot-Gain and Agricultural Effect during COVID-19 Pandemic 2021-05-13T13:26:38+00:00 Anil Kumar Balkrishna S. Bhople Arun Kumar Renu Kapoor Balwinder Kumar <p>The emerging infectious diseases are increasing in frequency exerting significant impact on human health and severely threatening global economy. Now at present, the whole globe is facing the challenges evolved owing to Corona virus (COVID-19) pandemic, which has set the clock backwards on the developmental progress of several nations including India and pauses the global economy owing to repeated lockdowns. The agricultural sector owing to its diverse output (<em>crops, horticulture, dairying, fisheries, etc.</em>) only showed positive growth in Indian GDP (gross domestic product) despite various challenges faced by this sector especially labour shortage, transportation, marketing, etc. The central as well as several state governments also issued supportive steps to favour agricultural related activities and provided incentives to farmers to unlock growth. Still, there is necessity to support and promote digital platforms to scale up on an emergency basis and provide an outlet for the farmers’ produce immediately. The government should think to build storage facilities on villages’ level as well as brought policies to support pricing (minimum support price) for other nutritious cereals like sorghum and millets.</p> 2021-04-26T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effect of Zinc and Boron Application on Lycopene and Nutritional Qualities of Tomato 2021-05-13T13:26:37+00:00 Supti Mallick R. C. Das H. M. Zakir M. S. Alam <p>A pot experiment was conducted in the net house of the Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, to examine the effect of different levels of Zn and B on the major biochemical and nutritional quality of tomato fruits. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 replications along with two treatment factors viz., (i) four levels of Zn- like control, Zn @ 4.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>, Zn @ 6.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup> and Zn @ 8.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>; and (ii) three levels of B- like control, B @ 2.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup> and B @ 3.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>. Among the biochemical parameters- lycopene, total acidity, and vitamin C contents in tomato fruits ranged from 3.24-3.76 mg 100 g<sup>-1</sup>, 0.26-0.36%, and 21.76-26.40 mg 100 g<sup>-1</sup> samples, respectively. The study results revealed that the highest amounts of lycopene and vitamin C were recorded from B @ 2.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>. Combined Zn and B applications showed a highly significant effect on total acidity, lycopene, and vitamin C contents of tomato fruits. Similarly, the application of Zn and B alone or in combination significantly affected the major nutrient contents of tomato fruits. The highest amounts of Ca, Mg, Na, K, and P were obtained from the application of Zn @ 4.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>, while the maximum amounts of Fe and Zn were recorded from Zn @ 8.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup> treatment. However, the application of B alone significantly reduced the contents of Ca, P, S, Fe, and Zn in tomato fruits while the contents of Mg, K, and Na remained almost unchanged. Finally, the study results concluded that the combined application of Zn and B (@ 4.0 and 2.0 kg ha<sup>-1</sup>, respectively) had a significant effect on major nutrients and biochemical characters of tomato fruits.</p> 2021-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Properties of Sustainable Concrete Containing Red Mud: A Review 2021-05-13T13:26:37+00:00 Krishna Singh Kanyal Yash Agrawal Trilok Gupta <p>Concrete is an essential construction material and major component of concrete is cement. There is a huge amount of carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere during manufacturing process of cement which has negative impact on the environment. Thus it become necessary to discover a substitute material for cement in concrete. Rapid industrialization generates a significant quantity of waste material which are causing negative effect on environment. These wastes can be a replacement for traditional material which are used in concrete like cement or fine aggregate. Red mud is waste material which generated from bauxite ore at the time of production of aluminium by the Bayer process. In this review paper, the effort is made to present the properties of concrete with red mud after studying several research papers. This paper discusses the properties of red mud concrete such as workability, compressive strength, split tensile strength, flexural strength, water absorption and modulus of elasticity. This paper shows the feasibility of partial substitution of cement in concrete by red mud. The study shows that incorporating red mud resulted increase in strengths of concrete such as compressive, split tensile and flexural strength. The water absorption of concrete decrease as increase in red mud content, it can be established that there is a possibility for using red mud in concrete as a binder ingredient for sustainable construction.</p> 2021-05-08T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Review of the Hardened Properties of Eco-Friendly Concrete Containing Ground Granulated Blast-furnace Slag 2021-05-13T13:26:36+00:00 Dheeraj Sharma Yash Agrawal Trilok Gupta Ravi Sharma <p>Cement manufacture depletes natural resources, requires significant energy usage, and emits large quantities of greenhouse gases. Roughly one tonne of carbon dioxide is released by ordinary Portland cement, which is roughly 7% of global carbon dioxide generation. In concrete production GGBS can be a partial alternative of cement. GGBS is produced by finely grinding of molten slag generated by the process of extraction of iron from ore. In this study the concrete properties incorporating GGBS is reviewed. The hardened properties of concrete incorporating GGBS are discussed. The cement replacement of about 35-40% by GGBS in concrete demonstrates various advantages like less heat of hydration, increase in ductility, increase in strength, reduction in carbon emission and better aesthetics. GGBS improves the durability properties of concrete, such as higher resistance to sulphate attack, increased resistance to alkali-silica reaction, reduced chloride ion penetration which enhances corrosion resistance. Denser microstructure and lower porosity due to the addition of GGBS, which in turn enhances the durability of concrete. With the use of GGBS in concrete, cement content can be reduced, which turns into an eco-friendly solution.</p> 2021-05-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##