Journal of Scientific Research and Reports <p><strong>Journal of Scientific Research and Reports (ISSN: 2320-0227)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JSRR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘scientific research’. By not excluding papers on the basis of subject area, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> en-US (Journal of Scientific Research and Reports) (Journal of Scientific Research and Reports) Sat, 26 Sep 2020 12:07:26 +0000 OJS 60 Response Surface Method in Evaluating the Extrusion Effects on Molecular Degradation and Physical Properties of Sago Starch <p>This study was aimed to measure the effect of extrusion on the molecular degradation and physical characteristics of the sago starch by employing response surface method. The starch was extruded in a twin screw extruder with moisture contents of 25, 32.5, and 40%; melt temperature of 86, 95 and 104<sup>o</sup>C; and screw speed of 100, 150, and 200 rpm. The extruded products were then analyzed for degree of molecular degradation, reducing sugars of the water soluble materials, water solubility index (WSI), water absorption index (WAI), enzyme susceptibility, gelatinization endothermic energy (∆H), and specific mechanical energy (SME). Increased mechanical and thermal energy input received by the products in the extruder gave rise to a significant degradation of the molecular weight of the macromolecules. It was believed that granule structures of the extruded starch have been reshaped. The extrusion process conditions did not significantly affect the WSI, WAI, reducing sugar content, and ∆H. All extruded samples had a much lower gelatinization endothermic energy than native starch.</p> Ansharullah Ansharullah, Sri Wahyuni, . Tamrin, Muhammad Natsir ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 26 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Sustainability as an Important Tool in Organisational Management: A Review of Literature <p>This study aims to review the existing literature on organisational sustainability to understand diverse concepts related to organisational sustainability and its evolution. To achieve these objectives, the researcher has reviewed more than one hundred and fifty peer reviewed journal articles related to organisational sustainability that were published between 1987 and 2020. Findings of the literature review confirmed that there were diverse definitions of organisational sustainability and that organisational sustainability is in the process of evolution. Further, this review of literature confirmed the importance of stakeholder engagement in sustainability related decision making at the organisational level. The long term perspective has become a key concern when implementing sustainability in organisations; it has, however, become one of the biggest sources of worry for organisational leadership in this millennium as well. National cultural values and organisational culture are also identified in the literature as influencing leadership decisions related to organisational sustainability. Hence, this literature review confirmed that there are no best solutions or strategies in achieving organisational sustainability, though managers should adopt holistic perspectives and develop innovative solutions to deal with sustainability issues unique to their own organisations. Therefore, it can be concluded that organisational leadership implemented according to a holistic perspective would facilitate excellent results in establishing organisational sustainability. Future research should be directed towards understanding organisational sustainability in a context specific manner rather than using a generalised approach.</p> E. A. G. Sumanasiri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 25 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Biosorption of Bromo-based Dyes from Wastewater Using Low-Cost Adsorbents: A Review <p>The dyes in the effluents discharged into water bodies, aimlessly, are displeasing aesthetically and pose hazards to aquatic communities. The use of adsorption process has been adopted for effective treatment of wastewater containing dyes. The removal of Bromophenol blue (BPB), Bromocresol green (BCG), Bromocresol purple (BCP), and Bromothymol blue (BTB) dyes (a family of triarylmethane dyes) through adsorption process using several cheaply available non-conventional agricultural-waste based adsorbents was reviewed in this report. The gaps in the treatment trend further indicate the prospect of adapting various lignocellulose and other biogenic materials for the removal of Bromo-based dyes from wastewater.</p> Ebenezer Olujimi Dada, Ilesanmi Ademola Ojo, Abass Olanrewaju Alade, Tinuade Jolaade Afolabi, Monsurat Omolola Jimoh, Monsuru Olatunji Dauda ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 30 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000