Open Access Original Research Article

Non Hodgkin Lymphoma and Related Factors in Patients with Peripheral Lymphadenopathy in Lubumbashi (DR Congo)

Christian Kakisingi, Olivier Mukuku, Michel Manika, Marc Kashal, Eric Kasamba, Véronique Kyabu, Michel Kabamba, Tshikuluila Beya, Emmanuel Muyumba, Hyppolite N. Situakibanza, Oscar Luboya, Faustin Muteta, Claude Mwamba

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31002

Introduction: Lymphadenopathy refers to the condition in which lymph nodes become abnormal with regards to the size, consistency, tenderness, and may be one of the the symptoms of many diseases. Unfortunately striking differences still exist with respect to reliability of NHL diagnosis between developed and developing countries. However some authors think epidemiological factors would exist to orientate diagnosis of NHL. Thus this study aimed to determine sociodemographic, clinic and biological factors associated with NHL in patients with peripheral lymphadenopathy in the department of internal medicine at the University of Lubumbashi Clinics.

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on superficial lymphadenopathy observed over a period of 30 months from November 2013 to April 2016 at the University of Lubumbashi Clinics. Parameters studied included gender, age, localization and clinical characteristics of superficial lymphadenopathy; biological parameters and pathologic diagnosis were determined by lymph nodes biopsy.

Results: Data of 52 patients was collected and 40.40% of these patients had NHL as pathologic diagnosis. Some of variables studied presented a significant statistical association and included age ≥ 50 years old (p = 0.0072), male gender (p= 0.0381), inguinal location (p =0.0081), multifocal location (p = 0.0101), painless (p= 0.0360), HIV serology (p= 0.0192) and leukocytosis (p=0.0022). After logistic regression, NHL explicative variables: male gender, painless and leukocytosis were significant.

Conclusion: These related factors can be used as elements to orientate the diagnosis for our health facilities and would contribute to early NHL diagnosis for patients with lymphadenopathy in low-income countries like the DR Congo.

Open Access Original Research Article

Antimicrobial Efficacy of Zinc Nanoparticles Synthesized from Bitter Gourd Extract

Flora-Glad Chizoba Ekezie, W. Jessie Suneetha, K. Uma Maheswari, T. N. V. K. V. Prasad, T. G. Krishna

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31727

The aim of the present study was to investigate the in-vitro antimicrobial activity of zinc nanoparticles synthesized from ethanol extract of Momordica charantia fruit. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Aspergillus flavus by using disc diffusion method. The result obtained showed that the zinc nanoparticles had a potent antimicrobial activity against all the bacterial species. However no growth inhibitory activity was observed against Aspergillus flavus.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affect to Green Products Purchase Behavior of Young Educated Consumers in Sri Lanka

W. R. A. D. Karunarathna, S. S. Naotunna, K. M. V. Sachitra

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/32204

Aims: At present, rapid development of technology has caused both positive or negative influence and changes in the environment. While enjoying the convenience provided by technology, people should have the right mind-set in keeping and protecting their environment. The aim to conduct this
study is to investigate the factors that influence young educated consumers’ green products purchase behavior in Sri Lankan context.
Study Design: Based on the prior studies, the study identified factors that influence young educated consumers’ purchasing behavior toward green products such as social influences, environmental attitudes, environmental knowledge, perceived environmental responsibility, government initiative and exposure to environmental messages through the media. Five hundred young educated consumers are the sole targeted respondents in this study.
Conclusion: The findings of the study reveal that there is a significant relationship between the factors influence and young educated consumers’ purchasing behavior towards green products. Thus, these research findings have provided some insight to businesses who basically facing a lot of challenges in substantial consumers to purchase green products. By gathering this information, marketers can understand the way that moves the environmental factors to green purchase behavior. They also would be able to expressing their various strategies to effectively attract more consumers to purchase green products.

Open Access Original Research Article

An Application of Assignment Problem in Agriculture Using R

M. A. Lone, S. A. Mir, M. S. Wani

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31902

In practical situations, sometimes we are faced with different type of problems which consists of relationships such as labors to fields, fertilizers to fields, jobs to machines, men to offices etc. where assignees possess varying degree of efficiency, called as cost or effectiveness. Such types of problems are solved using assignment techniques. There are different methods for solving the assignment problems but among these the Hungarian method provides us an efficient procedure for finding out optimal solution of an assignment problem. This paper is concerned with the special class of allocation problems, where the objective is to find optimal assignment of the number of paddocks to the number of crops used. The optimal allocation is found using R- software.

Open Access Original Research Article

Electoral Violence in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic: Implications for Political Stability

Anthony Egobueze, Callistus Ojirika

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/20750

Elections are key pillars of democracy and have become the commonly accepted means of legitimizing government. Once elections are flawed, it is an invitation to violence in the State which may snowball into political instability. This study examines electoral violence in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic (1999 - 2015) and its implications for political stability. The methodology for this study is qualitative, using documentary evidence and the ex-post-facto research design in terms of reviewing the 2015 general elections. We adopted conflict theory as a framework of analysis and argue that the inordinate ambition of the political class and their allies to capture State power and retain it at all cost in order to expand their accumulation base is the cause of electoral violence in Nigeria. The study amongst others, recommends adherence to the rule of law as a major step to achieving stability in elections in Nigeria.