Open Access Original Research Article

Contribution to Linguistic Modeling of Business Process Structure, Functionality and Performance Metrics

Jozef Stašák

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/30233

The paper deals with quantifying and modeling of business process structure, functionality a metrics with the use of linguistic approach, where Principle Business Process Linguistic Equation (PBPL Equation) in basic and extended plays a role of principle importance, while this aspect is considered to be the first one. The second aspect is closely related to concept of relations and algorithms create basis for postulating rules, which regulate behavior of business processes to be investigated and modeled and enable understanding them.

However, before the entire above-mentioned BP model categories, rules and algorithms could be implemented and operated, their adequate conceptual models should be designed. This is considered to be the third significant aspect related to that paper content as well.

Open Access Original Research Article

Performance, Carcass Yield and Gut Microflora of Broiler Chickens Offered with Viola odorata Leaf Extract in Drinking Water

W. A. Olayemi, O. A. Akapo, R. A. Olorunsola, A. O. Oso, A. M. Bamgbose, A. O. Mafimidiwo

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31996

The cross resistance of antibiotics from birds to human advocated using of herb extract.120 day old broiler chickens of Arbor Acres strain were used for the study. Birds were randomly allotted into four experimental treatments with three replicate of ten birds per replicate. T1 control without antibiotics, T2 with antibiotics (Amoxycol® wsp containing Amoxycillin 200 mg + collistin sulphate 1,000,000iu) at 1 g/litre of drinking water, T3 contain 10% Viola odorata extracts offered at 1 ml extract/1 litre of drinking water, while T4 contain 20% Viola odorata extracts offered at 1 ml extract/1 litre of drinking water. The birds were exposed to the same environment, feeds and water were given ad libitum and other routine management practices were carried out. Significant differences (P>0.05) existed in the daily feed intake, total feed intake and feed conversion ratio. Birds on 20% extracts recorded the highest feed intake while birds on T3 10% extract consumed the least. Broiler chickens on 10% extracts recorded best feed conversion ratio. Increased feed intake and digestive secretions were observed in animals offered phytobiotic-supplemented feed. The gut microflora showed significant difference (P>0.05) existed between the population of Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus and total anaerobic bacteria counts. It was observed that Proteus mirabilis colony forming unit in broiler chickens fed diets containing antibiotics and 20% Viola odorata were 2.00 log10 of the organisms respectively. The result deduced in this study showed that the inclusions of the leaf extracts at either 10% or 20% concentration has no detrimental effect to broiler chickens.

Open Access Original Research Article

Offtake Numbers at 5-Yearly Intervals over a 10 Year-Period in the Catchment Area of a Rural Bushmeat Market, Rivers State, Nigeria

M. Aline E. Noutcha, Sydney O. Nzeako, Samuel N. Okiwelu

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31600

The first step in making the exploitation of wildlife more sustainable is to determine the sustainability of current levels of harvest. This has two components: determining the offtake from an area; determining the effect this offtake has on the species concerned. Investigations were undertaken over a 10-year period (2005, 2009, 2014) to monitor offtake numbers at 4-6 year intervals and their effects on species concerned in the catchment area of a rural bushmeat market. The area was approximately 105km2, in lowland rainforest, dominated by secondary vegetation and fragmented by farms. Carcasses of hunted wildlife were identified in early rainy season (May-June) in each of the three years (2005, 2009, 2014). Detailed keys were used for identification. Carcasses were identified and counted daily; weekly totals were pooled and monthly totals obtained. Monthly totals for May and June in each year were added. From 2005 to 2009, there were 2-12 fold increases in number of most species. The greatest increase was in Thyronomus swinderianus. Between 2009 and 2014, there were 2-10 fold increases in number of most species; the highest increases were in Xerus erythropus and Cercopithecus mona. There were 50-75% decreases in a few species (Genetta poensis, Cephalophus maxwelli, Thyronomus swinderianus, Numida melagris galeata) during the period. There were no significant differences in total numbers of offtakes among the three years (P=0.3989>5% significant level). Differences in numbers for each species among the three years were significant (P=0.002<5% significant level). The differences in the relative proportions among species in the three years were significant (P=0.016<5% significant level). Differences in total numbers among years were not significant and offtakes did not lead to very low numbers or cause local extinction.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Various Operating Parameters on Trivalent Chromium Electroplating

Md. Ehasanul Haque, Md. Asadul Hoque, Md. Mayeedul Islam, Md. Saidul Islam, Chand Mohammad Mustafa

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/31411

The investigation was aimed to electrodeposit chromium on mild steel surface from non-toxic trivalent chromium bath instead of toxic hexavalent chromium employed for this purpose. We observed the effect of pH, temperature, current density (C.E.) and also time on to the current efficiency. On the other hand we also observed the effect of the concentration of CrCl3 on the plating thickness and optical reflectivity. The optimum pH value and bath temperature are 3 and 40°C respectively to obtain highest current efficiency. On the other hand, 90 min deposition time was the best for high current efficiency. We also achieved good current efficiency at 20 A/dcm2 current density. But the plating thickness was increased with increasing the CrCl3 concentration in the electrolyte. In case of optical reflectivity, the result is totally opposite. Our findings will contribute to develop the products of plating industries.

Open Access Original Research Article

Quantitative Eradicative Cure Profile of HIV/AIDS Using Electromagnetic (EM) Wave Destruction Technique

Edison A. Enaibe, Erhieyovwe Akpata, Ezekiel U. Nwose, Umukoro Judith

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-28
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/30870

It is the vibration of an unknown force that causes life and existence. Therefore, for anything to exist it must possess vibration. Vibration produces wave. It is the vibration of the HIV parasite (parasitic wave) that is being superposed on the Human Vibration (host wave) and since the waves are incoherent and out of phase the resultant superposition is destructive. Destructive interference causes a gradual attenuation in the general mechanism of the body system which eventually leads to a general loss of signal if uncontrolled. If the vibration of anything is known, then its characteristics can be predicted and be destroyed by an anti-vibrating component. In this work, we numerically calculated the wave characteristics of the Human vibration and that of the HIV vibration. In this paper, we show quantitatively how regulated dose of electromagnetic (EM) wave, can be used to eradicate HIV/AIDS condition from the Human system the resident host. The spectrum of the interception of the applied oscillating EM wave with the HIV vibration in the Human system shows a constriction in the interval when the raising multiplier [8000, 9000] with a corresponding time interval [1499.8125, 1499.8333] seconds. Therefore, the actual time of exposure of the HIV/AIDS patient who is undergoing the radiation therapy is about 0.0208 seconds. The displacement of the applied oscillating EM wave tends to zero within this interval. This study also shows that the time it would take the applied EM wave to destroy the HIV vibration completely from the human system is also determined by the phase angle between the applied oscillating EM wave and the HIV parasitic wave.