Open Access Original Research Article

Summary of Calcium Carbonate Equivalence Potential in Various Poultry Litter Types

Aaron Pettit

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/34557

The lab experiment was to evaluate lime potential of poultry litter being applied to agriculture fields for crop nitrogen and phosphors needs. Poultry litter lime potential was not being consider by farmer, even though soil pH increases were being noted in some fields were litter was applied. The experiment was conducted on poultry litter samples submitted to North Carolina Department of Agriculture (NCDA&CS) Plant/Waste/Solution/Media lab. Samples were divided and waste analysis with CCE% test was conducted from 1/23/2014 to 2/14/2015. Samples were divide into four types (PLB – Boiler, Turkey – PLT, Boiler Breeder – PBB, Layer – PLL). High level of Ca was found in correlation with high CCE% in both PBB and PLL litter. Where both PLB an PLT sample had low levels of Ca and CCE%. Inceasing Ca levels were found to be correlated with increasing CCE %, This correlation was not see with increasing Ca levels and litter pH.

Open Access Original Research Article

Biological Parameters Explain Why Shorter or Smaller People have Lower Cardiovascular Disease and Greater Longevity

Thomas T. Samaras

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/34729

Aim: To identify biological parameters that are related to the greater longevity and lower cardiovascular disease risk of shorter, lighter people.

Study Design: The study for this paper was conducted over the last 2 years but was based on papers and reports published over the last 40 years, which is when the author started studying the impact of body size on health and longevity. It was decided that the research would focus on how body size affects human health, mortality from chronic diseases and longevity.  Human body size factors were height, weight and body mass index. Biological parameters included serum levels of insulin, IGF-1, and adiponectin. Other types of parameters included: blood pressure, the FOXO3 gene, left ventricular mass, telomeres, and DNA damage.

Methodology: Numerous biological parameters were identified by reviewing papers and notes taken over 40 years. These parameters were identified in relation to how height, weight and body mass index impact our health or longevity. Approximately, 5000 papers and reports were reviewed and parameters affecting our health and longevity were recorded.

Results: A list of 36 biological parameters and related factors was created that shows how each parameter is related to one or more body size factors (height, weight or body mass index). In addition, undesirable changes in parameters were identified in relation to the increase in height, weight, or body mass index.

Conclusions: Reduction in height, weight, and body mass index is related to improved biological parameters and explains why many studies find shorter, lighter people tend to have delayed incidence of chronic diseases and live longer. However, poor nutrition, excess weight, smoking, genetics, and socioeconomic (SES) status can affect biological parameters independent of body size characteristics.

Open Access Original Research Article

Computational Model for the Prognosis, Control and Simulation of Ebola Virus Disease

O. Sarjiyus, J. Sunday, I. Manga

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/34427

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) has garnered public interest mostly because of its low survival rate compared with most other modern epidemic diseases. This research is hinged on the Prognosis, Control and Simulation of the EVD. A model called the Susceptible-Latent-Infected-Recovered (SLIR) model was adopted in this research to study the trend of the disease. From the stability analysis, it was found that the necessary and sufficient condition for the control and possibly, total eradication of the disease in West Africa is that the product of total breakdown of the susceptible and latent classes most be less than the product of the total removal rates from both the latent and the infectious classes. The computational method adopted in this research also gives the values of parameters needed to hold the epidemic under control, reduce mortality rate arising from the EVD, reduce the rate of infected class and increase the rate of recovered class.

Open Access Original Research Article

Application of N2 Method for Performance Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Framed Asymmetric Edifices

C. N. Gagan, Avinash Gornale, S. Karthik, B. G. Naresh Kumar

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/35028

As urban population is expanding constantly, the construction of edifices on the earthquake active area is also increasing. Due to aesthetic appearance, most of the edifices in the present era are asymmetric in nature.  But when symmetric edifices are subjected to earthquake, their behaviors are not complex as compared to asymmetric edifices. Hence, for safety purpose, there is need to study the complex behavior of asymmetric edifices by conducting performance evaluation. In the present study, the performance evaluation of four RC edifices is done using N2 method. An effort is made to calculate the correction factors for displacements to account for the effect of torsion. The displacements of asymmetric edifices of all the joints, corners and center of mass are not same.

Open Access Original Research Article

A Comparative Study of Natural vs. Synthetic Vitamin C Supplementation to Prevent Anemia

Sukhdeep Kaur, Jasvinder Kaur Sangha

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/34470

Aim: To assess the nutritional status of anaemic girls through anthropometric, biochemical, dietary and clinical assessment; and to study the efficacy of weekly iron and vitamin C supplementation on the haematological profile of the anaemic subjects.

Study Design: An interventional school-based study.

Methodology: The study was conducted on the total sample of sixty adolescent girls aged 16-17 years. The research participants were divided into two groups of thirty each according to the supplementation provided i.e. Iron Folic Acid supplementation along with Lemon water (ILW group) and Iron Folic Acid supplementation with synthetic Vitamin C (IVC group). Both the groups were provided supplementation for three months at weekly intervals.

Results: There was no change in the anthropometric parameter of the research participants after the study. Consumption of cereals, pulses, green leafy vegetables and milk and milk products was significantly (p ≤ 0.01) increased in both the groups after the study. Consequently, a significant increase (p ≤ 0.01) in the intake of energy, protein, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, iron and vitamin C was observed in both the groups. After the study, reduction in the percentage of the research participants with signs and symptoms of anemia was observed in all the research participants. Hematological profile of the research participants indicated that increase in the hemoglobin level was higher in the group ILW (9.95 ± 0.11 to 11.02 ± 0.09 g/dl) as compared to the group IVC (9.88 ± 0.10 to 10.80 ± 0.08g/dl).

Conclusion: Weekly iron supplementation along with natural source of vitamin C is more beneficial than synthetic vitamin C, to restore normal levels of red blood cells, hemoglobin, and iron; thus preventing iron deficiency anemia in young adolescent girls. Future research may benefit from attempting to develop, analyzed supplement vitamin C rich food products to the anemic individuals.