Open Access Case study

Improving Education Outcomes in Engineering & Technology Domain: A Case of Faculty of Engineering, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka

C. M. U-Dominic, H. C. Godwin, N. C. Igbokwe

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/29862

The occupational influx of foreign expatriates in the country and the technical preference of these foreign competitors over our indigenous engineers have shown that most of our university outputs do not bring forth the presumed outcome. This odd position has limited us further from the global technological theatre, and has been a contentious issue in various academic symposium and conferences. The research was conducted to examine the university system’s operational strategies and their underlying teaching policies. Some of the notable variables that has link with the output quality of students in the university system were assessed in the study.  The input variable (staff: student ratio) and some of the process variables were examined. An exponential model was developed, and used to determine the appropriate staff requirement in the faculty of Engineering, in accordance with the National university commission’s specified staff -to-student benchmark ratio. A qualitative method of investigation was used in assessing the process variables, and four hypotheses were generated from the study. The outcome of the study has widely disclosed a dysfunctional feedback system in the faculty, lack of technology support initiatives, inappropriate teaching methods, lack of proper academic guidance and counseling supports. The researchers in this study now likened these weak outcomes as part of the drawbacks in producing highly prolific engineering graduates in the society at large.

Open Access Original Research Article

Effects of Foliar Application of 6-benzylaminopurine on Zingiber officinale Rosc. (Zingerberaceae) Boziab Variety Growth and Rhizome Production in Ethiopia

Muluken Bezabih, Nitin Mahendra Chauhan, Sunil Tulshiram Hajare, Genene Gezahegn

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/36850

Aim: Various studies have been conducted on the effect of plant growth regulators in vitro. However, studies on foliar exogenous spray of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) in ginger are lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the foliar application of BAP on ginger cultivated in pot as well as on plain land.

Materials and Methods: To accomplish these task different concentrations of BAP i.e. 0 ppm, 50 ppm, 100 ppm and 150 ppm were applied exogenously on four months old ginger plants. Plants sprayed with distilled water were served as control. After two consecutive months of foliar spray with BAP, various physio-morphological characters were measured.

Results: It was observed that 100 ppm of BAP was found to be effective to regulate shoot growth for ginger plants grown in pot and 50 ppm of BAP was effective for ginger plants cultivated on plain land in comparison to control. BAP was also found to be effective for number of fingers/rhizome and rhizome width at 100 ppm and 50 ppm when cultivated in pot and on plain land respectively. Decrease in the rhizome length and fresh weight was observed at higher concentration of BAP. Thus, this study is the first from Ethiopia that explains the effect of foliar application of BAP on morpho-physiological effect in Boziab variety of ginger.

Conclusion: It may be concluded from the present investigation that plant growth regulator particularly BAP was found to be potent plant growth regulator to enhance the different morphological features of ginger shoots. Future research on the relationship between the effect of different class of growth regulators on shoot growth and rhizome production in ginger is necessary to derive a certain conclusive mechanism.

Open Access Original Research Article

Health Management Student’s Knowledge about Patient Rights in Public Universities in Turkey

Namaitijiang Maimaiti, Azam Rahimi, Sümeyra Boydak, Merve Tekin, Hasan Hüseyin Tekin

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-5
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/37993

Background: It is important for health care managers to understand patient rights before making an important health care related decision. Aim of the study was to assess health management student’s knowledge on patient’s rights in public universities in Turkey.

Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted among undergraduate health management students enrolled in three public universities in Turkey. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaire on patient rights. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study participants. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal Wallis Test were used to identify a relationship between knowledge and other factors.

Results: Total 400 students from health management department from three different public universities participated in this study. The participants' mean age was 20.97± 1.68 years old (range, 18-32 years). 59% of students were male and 41%of them were female. The results showed there were not significantly different in knowledge score between genders (P=0.064). There were statistically significant differences in terms of knowledge score for different year of study groups (P=0.002) also there was a statistically significant difference in Knowledge score for students from different university (P=0.000).

Conclusion: In general, 65% of respondents had good level of knowledge while 35% of them had bad knowledge about patient rights. More than half of the students have good knowledge among the patient rights; the knowledge score is different among the senior and junior students and among universities.

Open Access Original Research Article

Prepaid Metering Empowerment for Reliable Billing and Energy Management of Electricity Consumers in Nigeria

O. O. Fagbohun, O. J. Femi-Jemilohun

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/36344

The complaints from the consumers of electricity on the unreliability of supplies from the distribution company along its distribution network in Nigeria, as well as high estimated bills for the energy used with estimated billing; with the management of the available supplies to take care of needs of consumers with limited resources with consumers acceptability of cost to benefit ratio is discussed. The work takes  a deliberate look at the electricity consumers consumption pattern with the use of estimated bills and pre-paid meters in one of the major estates in Ekiti State, Nigeria; with the spearman's rank order correlation used to  validate that pre-paid metering of consumers electricity consumption gives a better need based energy management, in which case, with the use of prepaid metering system, there is a reduced case of lost income, and waste in comparison to the present demand based management system.

Open Access Review Article

Molecular Mechanisms of Cervical Cancer Induced by the Human Papillomavirus: Recent Proposals for Early Detection and Treatment

Maria Cristina de Melo Pessanha Carvalho, Luciana Andreia Borin de Carvalho

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-17
DOI: 10.9734/JSRR/2017/38195

Background: Cervical cancer is considered an important public health problem, and the main risk factor for this type of tumor is human papillomavirus infection. However, the search for new proposals for disease control and prevention has brought new findings and approaches in the context of molecular biology indicating innovations and perspectives in the early detection of the disease. Thus, this study aimed to identify studies that explore events and molecular mechanisms in cervical tissues and cells and to address the main methods used, bringing new perspectives and proposals for the early detection of cervical cancer.

Methods: This is a bibliographical review of articles published between 2014 and 2017. Medline, Scielo, Web Science and PubMed databases were used. Publication period. The cell cycle theme, gene expression, protein action, precursor lesions, cervical cancer and human papillomavirus, and the suggestion of molecular markers for treatment and / or diagnosis were highlighted as inclusion criteria.

Results: There were 63 publications found, of which 58 were in the English language. Of this total, 38 corresponded to the inclusion criteria and the proposed objectives, being selected the 16 main articles. It was concluded that most of the studies have brought about molecular mechanisms, highlighting the process of carcinogenesis between the initial phase, with the precursor lesions until invasive cervical cancer.

Conclusions: In this review, the highlight was the study on chromosome aberration found in cervical squamous cell carcinoma and important markers for prognosis and early detection of cervical cancer, which contributes to the reduction of morbidity and mortality from this type of cancer in the female population