Open Access Short Research Article

Application of BIM Based Information Management Technology in Prefabricated Buildings

Shen Tong, Yu Nan

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 17-29
DOI: 10.9734/jsrr/2021/v26i1230337

Under the background of industrial transformation and green development of construction industry, prefabricated building has become an important means to promote the development of construction industrialization and environmental protection. In the period of new and old construction mode change, the construction links of in-depth design, component production, component transportation and assembly construction are added to the prefabricated building, which has higher requirements for the unity of the whole process of the construction project. BIM platform can unify the information of the whole process and coordinate the management of the whole process of the project. This paper expounds the application of information management technology based on BIM in the three processes of in-depth design, component production and transportation management of prefabricated building. Through the analysis and comparison of actual cases, it is concluded that the prefabricated building combined with BIM Technology has more advantages than traditional construction in design, management, capital, environmental protection, etc.

Open Access Original Research Article

Determination of Ideal Mild Steel Weld Properties Using the Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) Method

S. Nweze, J. Achebo

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/jsrr/2021/v26i1230335

Weld deformation which directly contributes to failures of welded components, has been a real time challenge in the manufacturing industry. To resolve this challenges, subtle manipulation of input process parameters is recommended by Researchers. This manipulation of input process parameters is done through the application of optimization methods hence this study.

In this study, the Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) method was used. This method was categorized into four groups, which are namely, linear scale transformation-Max method; linear scale transformation-Sum method; Vector normalization method and linear scale transformation-Max Min method. Each of these SAW methods was used to optimize the output parameters, which were classified as maximum criteria. It was noticed from the analysis, that the higher the values of the mechanical properties, the better the weldquality obtained and from using the linear scale transformation maximum method, weldment 7 was found to possess the best mechanical properties with ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of 395MPa, Impact energy (CVN) of 250J, Bead Height(BH) of 1.98 mm and Bead Width (BW) of4.82mmwas found to possess the best input and output parameters.

Open Access Original Research Article

Interoperable and Distributed Processing in GIS to Sustain the Development of Local Authorities in Mali

Koné Forokoro, Mouneri Maïga, Mohamed S. Maïga

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 10-16
DOI: 10.9734/jsrr/2021/v26i1230336

Since 1992, implement decentralization reformin Mali has made it possible to empower  populations in their own development planning. Resources distribution to local authorities requires detailed information of the constraints and the assets linked to their development. Data collected on  rural area are often poorly defined, redundant or incomplete and inefficiencies for sharing due to a lack of applied standard tools. The information is too descriptive and it is difficult to extract useful one for decision making process. There is inadequate information upon which to base resource allocation decisions. The purpose of this paper is to define data that can be collected on rural municipalities or localities and handled by GIS to make information available for decision-makers, planners and beneficiaries. The data used from Malian poverty survey performed in 2001-2002 focused on the satisfaction of basic household needs. This concept is based on meeting those who lack access to basic living needs, which generally include clean water, sanitation, nutrition, primary health services, and basic education. The method used the platform of "MapGIS IGS, IIS6, Windows Server 2003, ASP.NET and MS SQL Server 2000" to develop an application GIS Web Service. Data are integrated and published as services by the platform. The product output have been tested successfully on the intranet of Wuhan Zondy Cyber in the term of interoperability and extraction of the information needed. With this tool, each local authority can be a potential collector of his own data and participates to update the database. The Web Services model of the GIS systems described provides to users, services and data they need, without having to install, learn, or pay for any unused functionalities. The extension of this standardization in all ECOWAS countries would be a great advantage regarding the sharing of geographic information between countries.

Open Access Original Research Article

Sustaining Interstate Land Transportation in Nigeria Amidst Consumers’ Changing Tastes and Preferences: An Investigative Report

Anyanwu Hilary Chinedu

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 30-41
DOI: 10.9734/jsrr/2021/v26i1230338

Encircled by profit centric inter-state land transporters, middle class consumers (passengers) in Nigeria have echoed their resolve to adopt any land transport company with robust value creation for passengers due to their hedonistic tendencies. This investigative report sought to ascertain the likelihood of middle class consumers adopting a modern and equipped transportation company for inter-state journeys. It specifically identified factors that optimize value creation among middle class consumers, assessed the level of adoption intention, and determined the predictive effect of adoption intention on adoption behavior/continued patronage for a perceived modern and equipped transportation company for inter-state journeys. Using a mixed method, the report identified prioritization of timely departure, free access to communication facilities (Free Wi-Fi) while aboard, efficient response to consumer enquiries and complaints, and vehicle condition which is instrumental to passengers’ safety as the core factors that determine value creation among middle class inter-state passengers in Nigeria. Results further revealed that almost 90% of the respondents exhibited high adoption intention level for a perceived modern and equipped transportation company. Lastly, findings showed that consumers’ adoption intention significantly predicted adoption behavior/continued patronage for a perceived modern and equipped transportation company.  Implications of the findings are also discussed.

Open Access Original Research Article

Ethnopharmacology of Acorus calamus L. among Indigenous Communities of Ganderbal District in Kashmir

G. M. Bhat, Rayees A. Bhat, M. A. Islam, Megna Rashid Bakshi, N. A. Pala, Huzaifa Majeed, Shahnaz Fatima

Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, Page 42-48
DOI: 10.9734/jsrr/2021/v26i1230339

The present study was undertaken to collect the information regarding ethnomedicinal practices of Acorus calamus and data were collected by using a well-designed interview schedule from local herbal heelers called “Hakeems, Bohris”  experts in the Ayurvedic and Unani medicine, local collectors. The results indicated that the main ailment categories that are treated by Acorus calamus include skin diseases, renal/urinary disorders, muscular/skeletal disorders, respiratory diseases, eye diseases, fever and others. These diseases were treated traditionally by using its different parts after proper processing and at prescribed treatment procedure by the concerned Hakeem, bhoris, Ayurvedic and Unani doctors. The analysis also indicates that 65% of the rhizomes followed by 15% of leaves, 12% of root hairs, whole plant 8% are used for treatment of many diseases under ethno-medicines. Modes of utilization or preparations were powder, paste, decoction and juice. The treatments of diseases with A. calamus enumerated in this study  have given some useful leads for further biomedical research. Nevertheless, more phytochemical, pharmaceutical and clinical studies are needed to evaluate protective properties, efficacy and safety of all the claimed medicinal treatments.