Study on the Challenges Encountered by Eri Silkworm Rearers in Tapioca Cultivation and Eri Rearing in Udalguri District of Assam

Jugabrat Sarma *

ICAR-ATARI, Zone-VI, Guwahati, India.

Dipankar Brahma

Department of Sericulture, Forest College and Research Institute, TNAU, India.

Prety Rekha Narzary

Department of Sericulture, Forest College and Research Institute, TNAU, India.

Abhigyan Rajkhowa

Department of Sericulture, College of Agriculture, AAU, Jorhat-13, Assam, India.

Santanu Kaushik Bora

KVK, Kokrajhar, Assam Agricultural University, India.

Dhiraj Saikia

Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, India.

Bitopan Das

Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Sericulture, specifically eri silk production, plays a crucial role in sustainable rural development and employment generation. This study investigated the constraints faced tapioca cultivation and eri rearing in Udalguri district, Assam. Primary data were collected from 120 respondents through a snowball sampling technique. The rearers encountered personal, social, land utilization, rearing, managerial, economic, marketing, transportation, and institutional challenges. Notable issues included lack of formal education, high labour wages, land scarcity, inadequate rearing facilities, limited knowledge on scientific practices, insufficient capital, price fluctuations, poor marketing infrastructure, transportation costs, and lack of need-based training. The respondents suggested interventions such as government support for infrastructure and equipment, need-based training, formation of cooperatives, effective marketing channels, financial assistance, value-added product training, community rearing centers, land allocation, and extensive plantation of secondary feed plants. Addressing these constraints through targeted strategies is essential for fostering the long-term sustainability of eri silk production and enhancing the socio-economic status of rearers.

Keywords: Sericulture, Eri silk, tapioca cultivation, constraints, sustainable development, rural livelihoods, Udalguri


How to Cite

Sarma , J., Brahma , D., Narzary , P. R., Rajkhowa , A., Bora, S. K., Saikia, D., & Das , B. (2024). Study on the Challenges Encountered by Eri Silkworm Rearers in Tapioca Cultivation and Eri Rearing in Udalguri District of Assam. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 183–190. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i62032

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