Impact of Organic and Natural Farming Practices on Growth, Yield Attributes and Yield of Joha Rice

Saurav Kumar Dutta *

Department of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

Hridesh Harsha Sarma

Department of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

Ranjit Kumar Saud

Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

Milon Jyoti Konwar

Assam Agricultural University-Assam Rice Research Institute, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

Bhabesh Gogoi

AICRP on IFS under ICAR-IIFSR, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

Supahi Mahanta

Department of Agricultural Statistics, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

Kalyan Pathak

Department of Agronomy, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-785013, Assam, India.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: The aim of the experiment was to study the impact of organic and natural farming practices on the growth, yield attributes and yield of Bokul Joha variety of rice

Study Design:  The experiment was laid in a randomized block design with three replications.

Place and Duration of Study: Assam Agricultural University-Assam Rice Research Institute, Titabar, Assam, India, during the kharif season of 2022-2023

Methodology: The number of treatments used were eight in total including control which were T1 [Absolute control], T2 [(Natural farming, Beejamrit as root dip treatment (3%) (100 L ha-1) + Jeevamrit as spray (3%) (100 L ha-1) + Ghanajeevamrit as soil treatment at 100 kg (Jeevamrit and Ghanajeevamrit at 30, 60 and 90 DAT)], T3 [(Enriched compost (5 tha-1) + Biofertilizer (Azospirillum, PSB as seedling root dip) (4 kg ha-1)], T4 [Enriched compost (5 t ha-1)], T5 [Vermicompost (5 t ha-1)], T6 [Enriched compost (2.5 t ha-1) + Vermicompost (2.5 t ha-1)], T7 [Fresh azolla as dual crop (400 kg ha-1) + Biofertilizers (Azospirillum, PSB and KSB mix as seedling root dip) (4 kgha-1)] and T8 [Vermicompost (1 tha-1), mixed inocula of Azospirillum amazonense A-10 and Bacillus megaterium P-5 (4 kg ha-1), rock phosphate (10 kg P2Oha-1)]. The experiment was laid in a randomized block design with three replications. Where T= Treatment, PSB = Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria, KSB=Potassium Solubilizing Bacteria, DAT = Days After Transplanting and NF=Natural Farming. 

Results: Plants that were noticeably taller were observed with treatment T8: application of vermicompost (1 tha-1), mixed inocula of Azospirillum amazonense A-10 and Bacillus megaterium P-5 (4 kg ha-1), rock phosphate (10 kg P2O5) i.e., at 45 DAT (81.78 cm),90 DAT (128.15 cm) and at harvest (145.71 cm). The same treatment recorded the highest no. of tillers 45 DAT (8.31m-2), at 90 DAT (13.79 m-2) and at harvest (10.40 m-2). Also, dry weight was noted to be highest for the same treatment, at 45 DAT (29.34 g plant-1), 90 DAT (79.11 g plant-1) and at harvest (92.29 g plant-1). Additionally, the same treatment resulted in highest grain (34.62 qha-1) and straw (70.30 q ha-1) yield.

Conclusion: Combined application of vermicompost (1 t/ha) along with inocula of Azospirillum amazonense A-10 and Bacillus megaterium P-5 (4kg/ha) and rock phosphate (10 kg P2O5) can be used as a suitable treatment for attaining higher growth, yield attributes and yield in Bokul Joha variety of rice.

Keywords: Natural farming, organic farming, rice, rock phosphate, vermicompost


How to Cite

Dutta , S. K., Sarma , H. H., Saud , R. K., Konwar , M. J., Gogoi , B., Mahanta , S., & Pathak , K. (2024). Impact of Organic and Natural Farming Practices on Growth, Yield Attributes and Yield of Joha Rice. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 302–309. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2024/v30i62045

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Keelery S. Production volume of rice India FY 2010-2023; 2024. www.statistica. com Available:https://www.statista.com/statistics/1140236/india-production-volume-of-rice/

NITI Aayog. Compendium of success stories of natural farming. Patel N, Athira S, Sethi T, Meena S. Eds. NITI Ayog, New Delhi, India. 2022;270.

Bharucha ZP, Mitjans SB, Pretty J. Towards redesign at scale through zero budget natural farming in Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability. 2020;18(1):1-20.

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/ 14735903.2019.1694465.

Sharma SK, Choudhary R, Jat G, Chhipa BG, Jain D, Gupta L, Yadav SK, Jain RK, Verma A, Trivedi A, Jain P. Compendium-Natural Farming: Perspectives and Prospects in Changing Agriculture Scenario. ICAR- Centre for Advanced Faculty Training on Organic Farming, Directorate of Research, Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur 313 001, Rajasthan, India; 2022.

Deborah D, Shambu Prasad C. Motivating youth engagement in sustainable agriculture: institutional innovations in Andhra Pradesh community-managed natural farming. Development in Practice. 2022;32(7):1003-1010.

Chand R, Singh J. From green revolution to amrit kaal lessons and way forward for Indian agriculture. Working Paper 02/2023. National Institution for Transforming India, Government of India, New Delhi. 2023;44.

Sharma AK. The potential of organic farming in drylands of India; 2006.

Avaialble:http://ag. arizona. edu/OALS/ALN/aln58/sharma. html, (58).

Stockdale EA, Lampkin NH, Hovi M, Keatings R, Lennartsson EM, Macdonold DW, Padel S, Tattersall FH, Wolfe MS, Watson CA. Agronomic and environmental implications of organic farming systems. Advan. Agron. 2001;70:261-327.

Das A, Kesari V, Rangan L. Aromatic joha rice of Assam-A review. Agricultural Reviews. 2010;31(1):1-10.

Manjunath BL, Prabhudesai HR, Wasnik HM, Falerio JR, Ramesh R, Talashilkar S. Glimpses of three decades of rice research in Goa, Technical Bulletin No 19, ICAR Research Complex Goa. 2009; 50.

Bora D, Goswami J, Saud RK, Begum M. Effect of organic inputs on production and quality of scented rice (Oryza sativa) variety Ketekijoha in Assam and its economic aspect. Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal. 2014;34(2): 115-118.

Hasanuzzaman M, Ahamed KU, Rahmatullah M, Akhter N, Nahar K, Rahman ML. Plant growth characters and productivity of wetland rice (Oryza sativa L.) as affected by application of different manures. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture. 2010;46-58.

Kavitha R, Subramanian P. Effect of enriched municipal solid waste compost application on growth, plant nutrient uptake and yield of rice. Journal of Agronomy. 2007;6(4):586.

Surekha K, Jhansilakshmi V, Somasekhar N, Latha PC, Kumar RM, Rani NS, Rao KV, Viraktamath BC. Status of organic farming and research experiences in rice. Europe. 2010;7(1.87):10-12.

Rualthankhuma C, Sarkar NC. Effect of different organic sources on the productivity of upland terraced rice (Oryza sativa L.) under Organic Farming in Nagaland. International Journal of Bio-resource and Stress Management. 2011; 2(4):386-389.

Banerjee S, Ghosh M, Pal SK, Mazumdar D, Mahata D. Effect of organic nutrient management practices on yield and economics of scented rice Gobindabhog. ORYZA-An International Journal on Rice. 2013;50(4):365-369.