Monetary Policy, Digitalisation and Banking Industry Performance in Nigeria

Sunday Enebeli-Uzor *

Zenith Bank Plc, Nigeria.

Adam Mukhtar

Zenith Bank Plc, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


In the evolving financial landscape of Nigeria, the interplay between monetary policy and digitalization significantly influences the performance metrics of banks. This study explores the multifaceted impact of these two critical factors on the Nigerian banking sector. Monetary policy, orchestrated by the Central Bank of Nigeria, regulates the economy's money supply, affecting banks' lending behaviors and liquidity. Digitalization, on the other hand, offers a transformative potential for banks to enhance operational efficiency, customer experience, and service delivery through technological advancements. The study examines how money supply, lending rate and digitalization (proxied by mobile cell subscription) affect banks’ financial performance, focusing on bank credit and liquid assets, while controlling for inflation and exchange rate variables. It also examines the interaction between digitalization and monetary policy variables on bank performance. Employing an interactive multiple regression model, the study analyzes time series data from 1996 to 2022 sourced from the World Bank. Findings indicate that while stringent monetary policies can constrain bank performance by tightening credit and reducing liquidity, digitalization provides an opportunity for banks to counteract these effects through enhanced efficiency. However, the successful integration of digital technologies is contingent upon adequate investment, regulatory support, and strategic alignment with the banks’ core objectives. The study concludes that Nigerian banks must adeptly manage monetary policy fluctuations and leverage digitalization to sustain and enhance performance. These insights could guide policy formulation and strategic decision-making within the banking industry.

Keywords: Monetary policy, digitalisation, bank performance, interactive modeling, inflation, exchange rate, policy formulation

How to Cite

Enebeli-Uzor, S., & Mukhtar, A. (2024). Monetary Policy, Digitalisation and Banking Industry Performance in Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 30(6), 459–468.


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