Challenges of Universal Health Coverage in Nigeria: Urgent Action for Health System that Protects Everyone

Emmanuel Ebuka Abonyi *

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Patrick Ifechukwu Oliorah

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Blessing Chisom Onyemelukwe

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Kenneth Nnaedozie Ideh

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Management, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Justin Chinazor Ndenojuo

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Judith Obiageli Obanwudeh

Project and Safety Management Institute, Lagos, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

The declaration of universal health coverage (UHC) as a sustainable development goal (SDG), in 2015 was a global resolution to building a world free of diseases and disease-related deaths. The goal is in tandem with many other work frames of the United Nations under the chaperone of the World health organization to create a healthier society. Hence, every country under the United Nations agreed to pursue this mission as part of the UN’s sustainable development goals, targeting 2030 as the project finish line. Improving health service coverage and health outcomes depends on the availability, accessibility, and capacity of the healthcare system and care providers to deliver quality and people-centred integrated care. In this regard, Nigeria has adopted several approaches to ensure the implementation of the UHC even amidst enormous challenges. This article has critically examined common but prominent factors beclouding the attainment of UHC, SDG in Nigeria. Key factors such as the primary healthcare system and health insurance schemes have been identified as major concerns while few recommendations have also been prescribed to improve the existing structures.

Keywords: Universal health coverage, health system, Nigeria, sustainable development goals, United Nations, World Health Organization


How to Cite

Abonyi, E. E., Oliorah, P. I., Onyemelukwe, B. C., Ideh, K. N., Ndenojuo, J. C., & Obanwudeh, J. O. (2022). Challenges of Universal Health Coverage in Nigeria: Urgent Action for Health System that Protects Everyone. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, 28(10), 142–147. https://doi.org/10.9734/jsrr/2022/v28i1030566

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